cpu http://www.maximumpc.com/taxonomy/term/291/ en How To Build a New PC http://www.maximumpc.com/how_to_build_a_new_pc_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3>Grab your screwdriver, it's time to buid a new PC!</h3> <p>Build it. DIY. Roll your own. Whatever you call it, there’s nothing more satisfying than putting together your own computer.</p> <p><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.gutshot.jpg" width="620" height="400" /></p> <p>Sure, you can argue that there’s no point to it anymore—OEMs get such a big price break that at best, your DIY rig will cost $100 more than a buying a pre-built PC—so why even bother? The most obvious reason to build your own rig is that you get to pick every single part. Want a teal-and-pink case for your Miami Vice homage PC? You can do it. Want to stuff a $1,500 GPU into a machine with a $75 CPU? You can do that, too.</p> <p>The most compelling part of rolling your own PC, though, is the pride you get from using your hands to turn a pile of parts into a working, breathing computer. You built it, not some faceless assembly-line worker.</p> <p>The good news is that building a new PC has never been easier. If you can turn a screwdriver with any confidence, you can put together a new rig yourself, once you’ve read our step-by-step story. Even better, we’ll also teach you how to pick parts like an expert, so you can confidently build the computer that fits your needs exactly, not the needs some big-box store has determined for you.</p> <h2>The Five-Minute Abs of PC Part-Picking</h2> <p><em><strong>Don’t get overwhelmed, we’ll teach you how to be a PC partpicking expert in no time.</strong></em></p> <p>The hardest part of any new PC build is picking your parts. How much RAM do you really need? How do you really pick a GPU and CPU, and do you really want a mobo with dual Thunderbolt 2 ports? While this is information we could easily write ten magazines about, we’re going to try to distill this down to small nuggets any new PC builder can absorb to help ease being overwhelmed by the process. This information is not the last word nor everything you need to know, but it should be enough to get you going so you don’t end up under- or over-buying parts for your new computer.</p> <h3>How to Pick a CPU</h3> <p>AMD or Intel? This is a tough question, but let’s generalize this way: Intel’s CPUs are better than AMD’s CPUs right now in actual CPU chores. If you want the best performance per chip, Intel is the answer. The only time this flips on its back is if you're going to run integrated graphics with entry-level gaming as your primary goal. If so, choose an AMD APU. But even AMD fan boys agree Intel’s CPUs are in front today—so, OK, so it’s Intel. Now, you need to decide how many cores: 2, 4, or 6? For most people, a quad-core chip is the right choice for general computing, gaming, and photo or video editing on the task list. Six cores is too much for 90 percent of people’s needs; two cores will work, but if you’re a heavy multi-tasker or do even a modicum of content creation, you will feel the dual-core’s weaknesses. We’re not saying it can’t be done, but our recommendation for all but the budget buyer is a quad-core CPU. Since you’re buying Intel, you still have a choice between older Ivy Bridge CPUs and the newer current Haswell parts. Today, frankly, there’s no need to buy Ivy Bridge parts. Haswell offers better performance and more modern amenities.</p> <h3>How to Pick a Mobo</h3> <p>With most of the performance of a motherboard relying far more on the CPU, mobo buying today is more about getting the features you need and no more. If you need Thunderbolt 2, it’ll cost you, but if you don’t need Intel/Apple’s highfalutin interface, don’t pay for it. Build a list of your needs: How many USB 3.0 ports, how many SATA or PCIe, and whether you want M.2 or SATA Express. Also think about the future: Do you really intend to run multiple GPUs? If so, make sure your board has support for it, as not all do. Some, for example, have CrossFire but not SLI.</p> <p>The bundled utilities with the motherboards are also an important differentiator. Some are bare-bones, while others, such as Asus, offer exceptional software. Another important differentiator today is onboard audio. Our general recommendation is to lean toward a board with engineering put into the audio subsystem. For example, Brand A’s may not be better than Brand B’s, but in general, it’ll be better than a lower-end board with no separated audio path. Finally, we recommend buying 9-series chipsets for Intel and A88X for AMD’s APU for the forward compatibility they offer. As far as size or form factor, ATX is the standard and is our preference for most builds.</p> <h3>How to Pick a GPU</h3> <p>It’s actually not as hard to pick a GPU as you may think it is. Basically, the more expensive it is, the more powerful it is. Yes, a $300 GPU is faster than a $250 GPU. It’s just a question of how much you want to spend. Before you pick, though, consider what resolution you want to game at. If it’s a single monitor at 1920x1080, generally—and this is a very general guideline—a $250 GPU will give you a solid 50-plus fps performance in 95 percent of today’s games, with occasional dips. As you scale up in resolution, or if you simply want a solid higher frame rate all the time, pay more. If you intend to run at 2560x1440 on a 27-inch panel, you’re solidly in the $550-or-more range in GPU expenses. For most people though, $250 is the sweet spot in GPUs, and will give you a solid experience at 1080p in most games with few compromises in visual quality.</p> <h3>How to Pick a Cooler</h3> <p>For the person who will never overclock, the stock cooler is actually a good option. It’s free and AMD or Intel have done the actual engineering to ensure that it works under 95 percent of situations. If you intend to overclock though, an aftermarket cooler is mandatory. Our rule of thumb is don’t spend more than $35 to $45 for an aftermarket air cooler. Once you’ve passed that mark, our advice is to buy a closedloop liquid cooler. There’s no maintenance, and they’re generally&nbsp; quieter and outperform most air coolers. CLC’s come in all shapes, sizes, and prices, so buy on your needs. If you intend a mild to medium overclock, a single 120mm CLC is enough. If you intend to push the overclock harder, a dual 240mm CLC gets you better cooling performance or less noise than a 120mm-size CLC.</p> <h3>How to Pick RAM</h3> <p>For the most part, RAM is a commodity like pork bellies. The chips are made by a handful of players and then sorted by the memory makers you mostly recognize. Unless you get no-name generic RAM, memory from any of the respected RAM makers will get the job done. That’s not all, though. You need to think about how much and how fast. For capacity, 8GB is our recommendation for a normal build. We’d keep 4GB in the budget category. Going to 32GB or for many, 16GB, won’t net much difference. Your second decision is clock speed. Today, we think the sweet spot is DDR3/1866. Anything more is luxury but does actually net some performance gains on Haswell CPUs. If you intend to run integrated graphics though, get the highest clock speed you can afford (and that your mobo will run), as it directly impacts gaming performance.</p> <h3>How to Pick an SSD</h3> <p>You can spend two days trying to decide between this type of X NAND or that type of Y NAND, but the truth is that with the performance of SSDs gated by the SATA interface, your primary influencers should really be capacity, price, software, and warranty. These matter much more than whether one SSD is five percent faster in one type of disk-intensive task than another. That doesn’t mean a low-end or old SSD is the answer. Newer SSDs almost always use more current technology and are preferred over older drives. For capacity, 128GB is the entry level on SSDs and 240GB or 480GB and up is preferred to make your life better. Basically, a mid-range or higher SSD from a trusted brand is enough to avoid heartache today. Finally, remember to have a backup going. SSDs die just as HDDs die, so plan on dealing with it.</p> <h3>How to Pick an HDD</h3> <p>The HDD is important but we’ve come to the conclusion that it should only be used as a primary storage device on the most budget of builds. So, forget about the RPM or access times—that’s 2009 thinking. The only real factors in an HDD are capacity, price, and warranty. For most people, a 1TB drive is the minimum for a new system, with the true sweet spot today being 3TB. As far as the all-important “reliability” factor, we recommend that you don’t bank on that. Yes, a longer warranty usually tells you how long the company thinks it might last, but it won’t tell you how long your particular HDD will last. We recommend backing up your SSD to your HDD and then backing up your HDD to a NAS or a secondary HDD.</p> <h3>How to Pick a Case</h3> <p>Picking a case is the most personal decision you make. There’s really no easy way to answer this question for you, but just know that most people will want a standard ATX case. Niceties to look for include generous cutouts to access the back of the motherboard, wiring ports, and removable drives cages.</p> <p><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.ioshield_0.jpg" width="620" height="150" /></p> <p><em>New builders often overspend on unnecessary motherboard features. If you don’t need Thunderbolt 2 or Wi-Fi, go for a different board.</em></p> <h3>How to Pick an ODD</h3> <p>This is a category you don’t have to burn too much brain power on. A $20 Asus/Samsung/ LG/etc. SATA DVD Burner will get the job done. If you are contemplating using a slim USB-based drive, just know that if you intend to use it for a lot of burning and ripping, laptop drives in the slim cases usually stink in performance, and it’s not USB’s fault. Laptop drives tend to be significantly slower than desktop SATA drives.</p> <h3>How to Pick a PSU</h3> <p>Your first criteria in picking a PSU is the obvious: Will it power my hardware? There are about a dozen different PSU calculators you can use on line. The most popular is Outervision’s at http://extreme.outervision.com/PSUEngine. According to the calculator, for a standard single processor, single high-end GPU system with SSD, HDD, and 16GB of RAM—believe it or not—a 500-watt PSU is acceptable today. We’d agree with that assessment, but we’d add a little more wattage for summer months and potential future hardware. You may be confused over the multi-rail vs. single-rail, but for normal PCs, don’t sweat it. Only when you get to extreme builds do you need to pay attention to per-rail amperage needs. You will definitely want to make sure the PSU has the ability to run the number of GPUs you will use. Finally, consider the warranty as a good measure of the quality of a PSU. A PSU with a one-year warranty is very likely to be inferior to one with a five-year or seven-year warranty. The rest is really just gravy: digital control, monitoring, and modular cables.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.screenshot4.png" width="620" height="593" /></p> <p><em>Outervision’s PSU calculator gives you a good ballpark estimate for sizing your unit, but we like to add 20 percent to be conservative.</em></p> <h3>Web Help</h3> <p>You’ve got a rough idea of what you might want in your PC, but now you’re overwhelmed by the sheer amount of parts out there.</p> <p>One of the best tools available today is PCpartpicker.com. It’s a one-stop shop for helping you price out and configure your system. Just click the system build button and start selecting your parts. Selected parts will filter out other parts you don’t need—pick an LGA1150 CPU and it will only let you pick from LGA1150 motherboards. The tool crawls popular stores for the latest in prices and rebates, too, so you don’t have to.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.screenshot6.png" width="620" height="478" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">PCpartpicker.com only helps you sort through the bazillion parts out there. If you want to research the key components you’re confused by—say, the CPU and GPU—you can look at Cpuboss.com, Gpuboss.com, and Passmark.com for general comparisons of CPUs and GPUs. These sites offer very high-level views of the products, but they will at least get you in the ballpark of what you want. From there, we recommend drilling down into other such valuable sites (ahem, <a href="Maximumpc.com" target="_blank">Maximumpc.com</a>) to get a better feel for the particular parts. One more site we’d recommend to aid in decoding the CPUs is Intel’s ark.intel.com. It helps sort out the exact differences between the billion different CPUs Intel offers today.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.piechartfix.jpg" width="620" height="350" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><em>A balanced system for general use should see that the CPU and GPU get equal attention.</em></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <hr /> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h2 style="text-align: left;">What We Built and Why</h2> <p style="text-align: left;">Before we walk you through how to build your first PC, we’ll show you the parts we picked and tell you why. The two most important were the CPU and GPU. For the CPU, there are cheaper CPUs to be had, but Intel’s Core i5-4670K delivers the most bang for the buck. It easily overclocks beyond its base clock of 3.4GHz and its four cores easily outrun dual-core parts. It is, essentially, the part to have for a budget enthusiast who does some content creation and gaming. Our box is a “balanced” build, so we spent a reasonable amount of cash our video card. At $249, the Asus GeForce GTX 760 gives us solid 1080p gaming with the latest games. Mind you, it’s not a solid 60fps on max settings, but with a few tweaks that most&nbsp; would never notice during game play, you could get there. The other important part here is the SSD. We thought about foregoing an SSD and making a few other trims to get the price under $800 but decided that any new machine you build should make you smile—and nothing makes you smile more these days than an SSD. We could have dropped the capacity to 128GB as well, but it’s just too hard to live with a boot drive that small, and doubling the capacity only costs about 30 percent more. You should know the Core i5-4670K comes with a stock Intel heatsink. If you never intended to overclock, this would be fine, but since we intend to take advantage of the free performance from the Core i5- 4670K, we plunked down the cash for the Silverston AR01 cooler.</p> <p>The last part to highlight is the MSI Z97-Gaming 7 mobo. This is a solid board with an M.2 slot for faster SSD performance upgrade potential, as well as support for SLI and CrossFire, and a separated audio path on the PCB for theoretically cleaner sound. We don’t need the direct voltage readouts, but at $164 you’re getting a lot of motherboard value with the Z97 Gaming 7.</p> <p>One last thing we like to do is look at how much each component costs as a percentage of the entire rig. This gives you an idea if your system is “balanced” or not. By balanced we mean if the system is properly weighted toward its use. In this case, it’s a balanced machine with slightly more going to the GPU than the CPU. If we were building a pure gaming rig, we’d tilt the confi guration to put more into the GPU. If the box were to be used for content creation using videos and high-resolution still images, a shift to more money on the CPU would be advised. If you simply want to store an insane amount of fi les on the drives, spend more of your budget on HDDs.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/stats.png" width="620" height="300" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 1: The Case</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">The NZXT Source 530 is a full-tower case with two 120mm fans in it. That’s a pretty standard fan size, though 140mm is increasingly common. These fans attach to the case with specifically designed screws. They have a fatter bore and a coarser thread than normal. Our case came with a small box full of little baggies containing a variety of screw types for different applications. Thumbscrews are a popular type, and our case uses two in the back to keep the side panel on.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurea.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">When attaching a fan, don’t put the first screw all the way in. Just most of the way. Then go diagonally across to the second hole, putting that screw in most of the way, too. Then, attach the other two screws (again, most of the way) in any order you like. Once all four screws are attached, you can finish tightening them. Waiting until this point to tighten gives you more room to wiggle the fan around if it’s not lining up perfectly with the holes. When you put the motherboard in later, you’ll plug the fan cable into a case fan connector on the board. Our case has a fan hub, however, so we plug our fan into that instead, then plug the hub directly into the power supply unit (we’ll talk about the PSU in a bit).</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figureb.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 2: The CPU</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">Retail motherboards get shipped inside an anti-static bag. Place the motherboard on top of this for now. The CPU tray is protected by a plastic cover. You can pop that off by pulling a tab on one of its sides.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurec.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">Do not throw this cover away. If you need to return the board for service, the maker may not accept any motherboard without this cover in place. Next, there’s a metal lever that secures the actual CPU bracket. Pull the end of this lever out, then pull up to free the bracket. It should swing clear of the tray.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figured.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">Now, look for a small gold triangle on one of the corners of your CPU. There should be a corresponding marker on the motherboard. You want to line up these two markers to make sure the CPU is oriented correctly during installation. Once you’ve set the CPU in the tray according to the markers, put the bracket back on top, and return the lever to its original position.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figuree.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3>Step 3: The RAM</h3> <p>Our motherboard has four slots. We’ll be using slots 1 and 3 (counting from left to right). Your board manual will tell you which slots to use for different RAM configurations (please follow it). Each RAM slot has tabs on either end.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figuref.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">At least one of these can move out of the way to allow RAM installation. Each slot also has a notch that corresponds to a notch on the stick. Line up these notches, and press the stick gently but firmly into the slot until you hear the tab click. You may need to use a see-saw motion to get the stick in.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figureg.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 4: The CPU Cooler (Phase One)</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">You could use the stock cooler that comes with a retail Intel CPU, but we chose an “aftermarket” variant, the Silverstone AR01, since we want the option to push the CPU beyond its factory settings. This cooler is comparable to a Cooler Master Hyper 212 Evo. We use the Evo a lot, so we wanted to switch things up a bit.</p> <p>The backplate installs first. This one has three sets of screw holes. Stand the motherboard on an edge, and rotate the backplate slightly until you can see through four screw holes to the other side of the motherboard.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figureh.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p>This backplate will not end up perfectly square, and it may take a minute to line up. The cooler comes with a set of screws that attach on the other side of the board. Each screw also gets a spacer to help prevent damage. Like with the case fan, don’t put the first screw all the way in. Go most of the way, then go diagonally across and do that screw next. Then go most of the way with the third and fourth, then fully tighten all four screws.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurei.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 5: The CPU Cooler (Phase Two)</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">You can set the motherboard back down now. The AR01 comes with two sets of brackets—one for AMD CPUs and the other for Intel CPUs—and the manual will show you which to use. Pay close attention to how the brackets’ screw holes are oriented. Basically, you want to be able to draw an invisible “X” over the CPU, using the diagonal line of the bracket’s screw holes as a guide. Now, attach four nuts to the brackets to set them firmly in place. At this point, you’re ready to put thermal paste on top of your CPU. Apply a small pea’s worth, peel the protective plastic off the bottom of the CPU cooler, and set the cooler on top of the CPU.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurej.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">The AR01 has another bracket that goes underneath the cooler’s radiator fins, connecting the first two brackets to each other.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurek.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p>This third bracket has two bundled screws. As with the case fan and the backplate screws, don’t put the first screw in all the way. Just part way, then attach the other and put it in part way. Alternate between the two until they are tight. Lastly, connect the cooler’s fan to the appropriate connector on the motherboard.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurel.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 6: The Motherboard</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">This motherboard comes with an individually packaged I/O shield. The shield does not use any screws. Instead, you just press it into the rectangular hole in the back of the case, and it uses tension to stay put.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurem.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p>You may need to tap a corner or two with the handle of a screwdriver to get the shield to pop in all the way. Now, you can set the motherboard down inside the case. Since the Source 530 has built-in standoff, we don’t need to install those separately. However, you still need to apply some pressure against the I/O shield to get the screw holes on the motherboard to line up with the screw holes in the standoffs. But after one of those screws is in, you can take the pressure off. There are usually nine holes in all. Your case should come with screws sized for motherboards.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figuren.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 7: The Power Supply Unit</h3> <p>In this case, the PSU sits in the bottom. Below is a grill for air intake, so you place the side of the PSU that has the fan on it against this grill. Underneath this case is also a filter to keep dust from getting in. The case comes with four screws that attach the PSU to the back; for easy identification, these screws have hexagonal (sixsided) heads on them.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figureo.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p>Our PSU is semi-modular, so its CPU and motherboard power cables are permanently attached, but the other cables are not. From the bag that comes in the retail box, we’ll pull one cable labeled “PCIE” for the video card, and two cables labeled “SATA” for our three storage devices (each SATA power cable has multiple connectors). One end can only plug into the power supply, while the other end is “keyed” to fit into the device. We can feed cables behind the motherboard tray to keep our case presentable. There is a cutout at the top left-hand corner of the motherboard tray to do this with the CPU power cable. You’ll need to remove the case’s other side panel to get behind the mobo. Customarily, it’s secured by two large screws at the back of the case.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurep.jpg" width="520" height="587" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 8: The Video Card</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">Counting from the top of the case, we’ll be removing slot covers 2 and 3 from the rear. You may need to temporarily remove slot cover 4 to get enough clearance for the video card’s bracket. Once the card is in the slot, secure its slot bracket with one of the thumbscrews that you just removed. The bracket has both notches and holes. Use a hole for the best results.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figureq.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">Take that PCIE power cable we connected to the power supply earlier and plug the other end into the card (after feeding it behind the motherboard, if you like). This card uses an eight-pin cable, and our cable is “6+2,” meaning that it has two pins that can detach if you only need six pins in total. Like the CPU and motherboard power cables, this one will snap into place when it’s secure. If the connector isn’t going in, try rotating it 180 degrees first, rather than trying to force it.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurer.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 9: Storage</h3> <p>This case has removable trays that come out from the “far” side. They move when you pinch the tabs sticking out. For a 2.5-inch drive like an SSD, you screw it directly into the tray. Make sure that the drive’s connectors are pointing toward the tabs, to make it easier to attach cables. Your SSD may come with small screws for this purpose. We had some screws bundled with the case that had “brims” on their heads, of two different lengths. We used the longer screws. For 3.5-inch mechanical drives, the tray has preinstalled nubs that snap into where screws would go.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figures.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p>Next, you can feed your SATA power cable from the power supply. You may need to move your drives to different trays to best accommodate the distance between each connector on the cable. Your power supply may also come with multiple SATA power cables that you can experiment with. The connectors on the cable and the drive are slightly “L” shaped, so they can only go in one way. Once those are connected, grab the SATA data cables from your motherboard’s retail box. You’ll usually see a combination of “straight” and “right-angle” cables. Right angles are for tight spots. On our motherboard with Intel’s Z97 chipset, all of its SATA data cable ports (toward the lower left-hand corner) will behave the same, so you can plug into whichever is most convenient. We recommend that you consult your mobo manual for where to install them, but we always prefer the ports from the Intel or AMD chipset.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figuret.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <h3 style="text-align: left;">Step 10: Optical Drive, and Some Wiring</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">The large drive bays on the front of our case have tabs to help remove their covers. We chose the top-most one, making it easier to reach if the case is on the floor. The side of this drive bay has a latch you pull out before sliding the drive in. Once the front bezel of the drive is flush with the front of the case, you can put the latch back down. No screws are required here. Next, we connect the SATA power and data cables like we did with the SSD and mechanical hard drive.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figureu.jpg" width="520" height="294" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">Last but not least, this motherboard comes with a block of pins that plug into a connector on the lower right-hand corner of the motherboard. This block connects to a set of wires coming from the front of the case that handle the power button, reset button, and activity lights. The negative wire is usually white. This area of the board usually also has a connector for the front panel’s USB 2.0 ports. Our case has only USB 3.0 ports, so we plug that into a USB 3.0 header near the RAM slots. On the lower left-hand corner of the board, you will customarily find the header for the cable that connects your front headphone and microphone jacks to the board. Like the internal USB 2.0 ports, its pin arrangement is designed so that the connector can only go in one way, so check that before plugging in the cable.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.figurev.jpg" width="620" height="350" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <hr /> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h2 style="text-align: left;">Install Windows 8.1</h2> <p style="text-align: left;"><em><strong>Your box is built, time to use it!</strong></em></p> <p>Installing Windows 8.1 is a snap, but for the uninitiated, it can be a scary task. We’ll walk you through the basics of getting an OS onto your drive. And yes, if you bought Windows 7, it’s pretty much the same steps.</p> <p>If you bought Windows 8.1 from a retailer, you’re likely installing it from a DVD. To get started, just put the disc into the drive and boot your box. If the SSD and hard drive are the first boot devices and completely blank, the system should boot straight to the installer. If you’re recycling an SSD or HDD, the system may try to boot to the old OS. In that case, you’ll need to change the boot order in the UEFI/BIOS (the sort-of operating system equivalent for the hardware itself, which loads before Windows does) to make the CD/DVD the first boot device.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.osinstalla.jpg" width="520" height="390" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">As Windows starts the install, it’ll first ask you for your Product Key. That’s the serial number for this copy of Windows. Mind you, this is for the retail version of Windows. An Enterprise version that you install for a 90-day trial won’t ask for a product key. Input it and press enter. You’ll soon be greeted by a licensing terms screen that you’ll have to agree to. Then, Windows will ask you what type of install you want, an upgrade or custom.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.osinstallb.png" width="620" height="465" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">Select Custom, which will bring you to a screen that should show you both drives you can install the OS to. Select your SSD as the target. You can tell it’s the SSD by its smaller capacity.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.osinstallc.png" width="620" height="465" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">If you did reuse an older SSD or HDD and don’t want the data, you’ll see all of the partitions to select from in Windows. Since you don’t want that old data (right?) we recommend that you delete all of the previous partitions on the target drive by selecting each partition and pressing the Delete button. We don’t recommend that you ever have any “hot” drives with data you want to keep plugged in during and OS install, to reduce the chances of you wiping your data by accident.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.osinstalld.png" width="520" height="390" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">That’s it. Windows will start the install and take anywhere from 10 to 20 minutes to complete.</p> <h2 style="text-align: left;">Overclocking 101</h2> <p style="text-align: left;"><em><strong>Because factory settings are for wussies.</strong></em></p> <p>Out of the box, our quad-core Intel Core i5-4670K CPU will run at 3.4GHz. But when a task doesn’t need all four cores at once, the chip will engage a “turbo” mode and push to 3.8GHz on one or two cores. These speeds are based on clock multipliers. The CPU has an element called a base clock that runs at 100MHz, and its non-turbo setting multiplies that 34 times to get 3,400MHz, aka 3.4GHz. Our CPU’s name has a “K” at the end, so the clock multiplier is unlocked. We can dive into the BIOS and crank up this multiplier. Motherboards usually also come with performance-tweaking software, but we prefer the fine-tuning available in the BIOS.</p> <p>And yes, we’ll give the standard disclaimer: Overclocking risks damaging your CPU or motherboard and possibly causing the moon to spin out of orbit, so do this at your own risk. OK, really, it’s not that bad but there are always risks, so go into it with your eyes open.</p> <p>While the system is starting up, mash the Del key to access the BIOS. (You may need to press a different key, depending on your motherboard.) For our MSI Z97 Gaming 7, we go to the “Overclocking Settings” screen and switch from Simple to Advanced mode. For first-timers, a CPU Ratio of 40 is a safe 4GHz overclock. Press the “+” and “-” keys to adjust the ratio (some motherboards use Page Up and Page Down instead).</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.oc1_.jpg" width="620" height="465" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: left;">When we push the multiplier past 42x with this particular CPU, its core voltage needs a boost, too. A setting of 1.3V should be fine, up to 4.4GHz.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.oc2_.jpg" width="620" height="465" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">We generally don’t recommend pushing your voltage past 1.4V, but everything else is fair game. You may also need to increase the power to the motherboard’s voltage regulator modules (VRMs). In this BIOS, those settings are in the “DigitALL Power” submenu. Each increment raises your OC ceiling, but it also makes the VRMs run hotter, which impacts stability. We’d stick to tweaking just a couple things like Phase Control and Vdroop Offset, one or two increments at the time. If your PC stops booting, you can reset the BIOS itself with a labeled button on the board (the manual has a diagram showing its location).</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="http://www.maximumpc.com/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.oc3_.jpg" width="620" height="465" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">You can test stability with a free program called Prime95 (<a href="http://www.mersenne.org" target="_blank">http://www.mersenne.org</a>), using its Large FFT torture test, accessible from the Options menu. Do this for at least one hour. Some enthusiasts will go a full 24 hours before they consider their OC stable. For Intel, as long as the chip stays at or below 85 degrees Celsius in Prime95, your temperature is fine. When this CPU hits 90 C, it ordinarily kicks into a lower gear to avoid burning up.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><img src="/files/u187432/mpc103.feat_buildit.oc4_.png" width="620" height="366" /></p> <p style="text-align: left;">Overall, we were pretty happy with this build. The case has a solid feel to it, though we would move the top exhaust fan to the front as an intake. Built-in motherboard standoffs are a nice bonus, and 4.4GHz is a nice overclock for an air cooler with a single 120mm fan.</p> http://www.maximumpc.com/how_to_build_a_new_pc_2015#comments build it case Cooler cpu gpu HDD how to build a new pc mobo odd overclocking part-picking PSU ram ssd windows 8.1 From the Magazine Fri, 24 Apr 2015 16:36:09 +0000 The Maximum PC Staff 29499 at http://www.maximumpc.com Intel Quietly Rolls Out New Braswell SoCs and Broadwell CPUs http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_quietly_rolls_out_new_braswell_socs_and_broadwell_cpus_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/intel_logo.jpg" alt="Intel Logo" title="Intel Logo" width="228" height="151" style="float: right;" />Chips ahoy!</h3> <p>The busy bodies at <strong>Intel released over half a dozen new Braswell SoCs and Broadwell CPUs</strong> ranging in price from $107 to $281, presumably in trays of 1,000 units (meaning retail prices will be a bit higher). Starting with Intel's Braswell lineup, the new parts are based on a 14nm manufacturing process and sport new CPU and GPU architectures that offer higher performance at the same or lower TDPs than Intel's previous generation SoCs.</p> <p>Braswell CPUs consist of the following: one or two CPU modules, GPU, DDR3 memory controller, chipset, and I/O interfaces. Two "Airmont" CPU cores make up each CPU module, which have 1MB of shared L2 cache, SIMD instructions up to SSE4, and support for Intel 64, virtualization, and Burst Performance technologies.</p> <p>Here's a look at the new Braswell CPUs, <a href="http://www.cpu-world.com/news_2015/2015033101_Intel_quietly_launches_Braswell_processors.html" target="_blank">according to <em>CPU-World</em></a>:</p> <ul> <li>Celeron N3000: Dual-core, 1.04GHz to 2.08GHz, 1MB L2 cache, DDR3-1600 memory, 4W TDP, $107</li> <li>Celeron N3050: Dual-core, 1.6GHz to 2.16GHz, 1MB L2 cache, DDR3-1600 memory, 6W TDP, $107</li> <li>Celeron N3150: Quad-core, 1.6GHz to 2.08GHz, 2MB L2 cache, DDR3-1600 memory, 6W TDP, $107</li> <li>Pentium N3700: Quad-core, 1.6GHz to 2.4GHz, 2MB L2 cache, DDR3-1600 memory, 6W TDP, $161</li> </ul> <p>Essentially these are replacements for Intel's Bay Trail-M and Bay Trail-D SoCs on desktop and mobile.</p> <p>Moving on, Intel also launched a trio of new Broadwell CPUs, all three of which are mobile parts with support for Hyper Threading. Here's a look:</p> <ul> <li>Pentium 3825U: Dual-core (four threads), 1.9GHz, 2MB L3 cache, HD (Broadwell), 15W TDP, $161</li> <li>Core i3 5015U: Dual-core (four threads), 2.1GHz, 3MB L3 cache, HD 5500, 15W TDP, $275</li> <li>Core i3 5020U: Dual-core (four threads), 2.2GHz, 3MB L3 cache, HD 5500, 15W TDP, $281</li> </ul> <p>Compared to their predecessors, the new chips are 100MHz faster at the same price points, have faster graphics, and add Hyper Threading support.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_quietly_rolls_out_new_braswell_socs_and_broadwell_cpus_2015#comments 14nm braswell broadwell Build a PC cpu Hardware intel processor soc System on Chip News Wed, 01 Apr 2015 12:58:52 +0000 Paul Lilly 29676 at http://www.maximumpc.com Intel's Broadwell-Based Core i7 5775C and Core i5 5675C CPUs Rumored to Launch in Q2 http://www.maximumpc.com/intels_broadwell-based_core_i7_5775c_and_core_i5_5675c_cpus_rumored_launch_q2 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/intel_sign_8.jpg" alt="Intel Sign" title="Intel Sign" width="228" height="152" style="float: right;" />Broadwell for the desktop is in sight</h3> <p><strong>Intel is reportedly planning to launch a pair of processors based on its 14nm Broadwell architecture sometime in the second quarter of this year</strong>. One is the <strong>Core i7 5775C</strong> and the other is the <strong>Core i5 5675C</strong>, both of which are unlocked parts, though you'll notice the usual "K" designation for an unlocked Intel chip has been replaced with the letter "C" -- no reason for the change is known at this point.</p> <p>Citing a Chinese-language <a href="http://chinese.vr-zone.com/146637/intel-lga-1150-broadwell-for-desktop-only-have-i7-5775c-and-i5-5675c-03232015/" target="_blank">report</a> by <em>VR-Zone</em>, <a href="http://wccftech.com/intel-broadwell-core-i7-5775c-core-i5-5675c-processors-iris-pro-graphics-6200-detailed-launching-q2-2015/" target="_blank"><em>WCCFTech</em></a> says the Core i7 and Core i5 parts will feature a 65W TDP and the latest Iris Pro Graphics 6200 integrated GPU. That's the one with 64MB of embedded eDRAM cache for faster memory performance versus tapping into system RAM. It also has 48 Execution Units and a 128-bit memory bus.</p> <p>The Core i7 5775C will come clocked at 3.3GHz with a Turbo frequency of 3.7GHz. It's a quad-core chip with Hyper Threading, 6MB of L3 cache, and support for DDR3 memory rated at 1600MHz.</p> <p>Intel's Core i5 5675C is also a quad-core CPU but lacks Hyper Threading, according to the reports. It will be clocked at 3.1GHz with a 3.6GHz Turbo frequency and feature 4MB of L3 cache and DDR3 1600MHz memory support.</p> <p>It's expected that most existing socket LGA 1150 motherboards will support the new chips, though they'll probably need a BIOS update.</p> <p>Launch prices for the Core i7 5775C and Core i5 5675C are expected to be around $350 and $250, respectively.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/intels_broadwell-based_core_i7_5775c_and_core_i5_5675c_cpus_rumored_launch_q2#comments broadwell Build a PC Core i5 5675C Core i7 5775C cpu Hardware intel processor News Tue, 24 Mar 2015 16:07:47 +0000 Paul Lilly 29630 at http://www.maximumpc.com Every Asus 9 Series Motherboard Now Supports Broadwell http://www.maximumpc.com/every_asus_9_series_motherboard_now_supports_broadwell_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3 style="text-align: left;"><img src="/files/u69/asus_z97_pro.jpg" alt="Asus Z97 Pro" title="Asus Z97 Pro" width="228" height="206" style="float: right;" />May require a BIOS update</h3> <p style="text-align: left;">Rumor has it Intel will finally release its 14nm Broadwell desktop processors in the middle of next quarter (think somewhere around mid-May), so you still have some time to prepare for an upgrade or overhaul, if going that route. Wondering if your motherboard will support Broadwell? At least one company is making it easy -- <strong>Asus on Tuesday announced that all of its 9 Series motherboards support Intel's 5th Generation Core lineup</strong>.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">That takes the guesswork out of the equation, though you may need to update the BIOS, which you can do a couple of different ways. One is to use Asus' USB BIOS Flashback tool, which downloads the latest BIOS to a USB flash drive.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">"The motherboard does not even need to have a CPU or DRAM modules in place; users can simply connect the power supply, plug in their USB drive, press the USB BIOS Flashback or Reset button, and then sit back and wait -- there's nothing else to do," Asus says.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">Another way is to use Asus' Windows-based BIOS updated application. It's available to download from Asus, though if you can go the other route, you'll remove a bit of risk from the equation. 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SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Continue 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Continue 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Continue 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Message Header" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="11" QFormat="true" Name="Subtitle" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Salutation" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Date" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text First Indent" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text First Indent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Note Heading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text Indent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text Indent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Block Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Hyperlink" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="FollowedHyperlink" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="22" QFormat="true" Name="Strong" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="20" QFormat="true" Name="Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Document Map" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Plain Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="E-mail Signature" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Top of Form" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Bottom of Form" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Normal (Web)" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Acronym" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Address" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Cite" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Code" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Definition" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Keyboard" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Preformatted" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Sample" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Typewriter" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Variable" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Normal Table" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="annotation subject" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="No List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Outline List 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Outline List 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Outline List 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Simple 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Simple 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Simple 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Classic 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Classic 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Classic 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Classic 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Colorful 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Colorful 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Colorful 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 7" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 7" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table 3D effects 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table 3D effects 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table 3D effects 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Contemporary" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Elegant" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Professional" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Subtle 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Subtle 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Web 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Web 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Web 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Balloon Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="Table Grid" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Theme" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Placeholder Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" Name="Revision" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" QFormat="true" Name="List Paragraph" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" QFormat="true" Name="Quote" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Quote" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6" /> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" DefUnhideWhenUsed="false" DefSemiHidden="false" DefQFormat="false" DefPriority="99" LatentStyleCount="371"> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" QFormat="true" Name="Normal" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="heading 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" 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SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="toc 9" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Normal Indent" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="footnote text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="annotation text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="header" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="footer" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="index heading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="35" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="caption" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="table of figures" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" 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Name="List Bullet 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Number 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Number 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Number 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="List Number 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="10" QFormat="true" Name="Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Closing" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Signature" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Default Paragraph Font" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Body Text Indent" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" 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UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Document Map" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Plain Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="E-mail Signature" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Top of Form" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Bottom of Form" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Normal (Web)" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Acronym" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Address" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Cite" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Code" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Definition" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Keyboard" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Preformatted" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Sample" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Typewriter" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="HTML Variable" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Normal Table" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="annotation subject" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="No List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Outline List 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Outline List 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" 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UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Colorful 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Columns 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 7" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Grid 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 7" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table List 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table 3D effects 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table 3D effects 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table 3D effects 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Contemporary" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Elegant" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Professional" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Subtle 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Subtle 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Table Web 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" 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Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" Name="Light Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" Name="Light List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" Name="Light Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" Name="Dark List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" Name="Colorful List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" Name="Bibliography" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" SemiHidden="true" UnhideWhenUsed="true" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="41" Name="Plain Table 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="42" Name="Plain Table 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="43" Name="Plain Table 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="44" Name="Plain Table 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="45" Name="Plain Table 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="40" Name="Grid Table Light" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="Grid Table 1 Light Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="Grid Table 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="Grid Table 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="Grid Table 4 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="Grid Table 5 Dark Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="Grid Table 6 Colorful Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="Grid Table 7 Colorful Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="46" Name="List Table 1 Light Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="47" Name="List Table 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="48" Name="List Table 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="49" Name="List Table 4 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="50" Name="List Table 5 Dark Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="51" Name="List Table 6 Colorful Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="52" Name="List Table 7 Colorful Accent 6" /> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} --><!--[if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Calibri",sans-serif;} --><!--[endif] --><!--[endif] --></p> <table class="MsoNormalTable" style="width: 348px; margin-left: 0.65pt; border-collapse: collapse; text-align: left;" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0"> <tbody> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes; height: 25.5pt;"> <td style="width: .75in; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 25.5pt;" width="72" valign="bottom"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; font-family: &quot;PMingLiU&quot;,serif; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;"> </span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">&nbsp;</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 25.5pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Model name</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-left: none; mso-border-top-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 25.5pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">BIOS <br /> version </span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: .75in; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" rowspan="28" width="72"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Deluxe(NFC &amp; WLC)</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Deluxe/USB 3.1</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">0401</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Deluxe</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Pro(Wi-Fi ac)/USB 3.1</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2302</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Pro(Wi-Fi ac)</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Pro</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 7; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-A/USB 3.1</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">0501</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 8; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-A</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 9; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-AR</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 10; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: 0.0001pt; line-height: normal; text-align: left;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Sabertooth Z97 Mark 1/USB 3.1</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">0401</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 11; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Sabertooth Z97 Mark 1</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 12; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Sabertooth Z97 Mark 2</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 13; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Sabertooth Z97 Mark S</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 14; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Gryphon Z97 Armor Edition</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 15; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Gryphon Z97</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2205</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 16; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Maximus VII Formula</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2304</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 17; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Maximus VII Hero</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2304</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 18; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Maximus VII Ranger</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2304</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 19; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Maximus VII Gene</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2304</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 20; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Maximus VII Impact</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2304</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 21; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-Pro Gamer</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2002</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 22; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97I-PLUS</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2502</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 23; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97M-PLUS</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2604</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 24; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-K</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2502</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 25; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-C</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2401</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 26; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-E</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">0602</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 27; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-P</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2702</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 28; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">Z97-K R2.0</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">0702</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 29; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: .75in; border: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-top: none; mso-border-left-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" rowspan="6" width="72"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97-Pro Gamer</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2402</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 30; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97I-Plus</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2502</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 31; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97M-Plus</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2402</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 32; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97-Plus</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2402</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 33; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97-Pro</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2703</span></p> </td> </tr> <tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 34; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes; height: 15.75pt;"> <td style="width: 146.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="195"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: normal;"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">H97M-E</span></p> </td> <td style="width: 61.0pt; border-top: none; border-left: none; border-bottom: solid windowtext 1.0pt; border-right: solid windowtext 1.0pt; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-border-right-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; padding: 0in 1.4pt 0in 1.4pt; height: 15.75pt;" width="81"> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;" align="center"><span style="font-size: 10.0pt; mso-bidi-font-family: PMingLiU; color: black;">2302</span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/every_asus_9_series_motherboard_now_supports_broadwell_2015#comments 5th Generation Core 9 series asus broadwell cpu Hardware intel motherboard processor z97 News Tue, 10 Mar 2015 13:00:20 +0000 Paul Lilly 29565 at http://www.maximumpc.com Intel Details Newly Branded Atom x3, x5, and x7 CPUs at Mobile World Congress http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_details_newly_branded_atom_x3_x5_and_x7_cpus_mobile_world_congress_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/atom_x8.jpg" alt="Intel Atom x3" title="Intel Atom x3" width="228" height="218" style="float: right;" />Making a move for mobile</h3> <p>Intel last week had already given the heads up that it was <a href="http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_rebrands_atom_cpus_hints_new_silicon_2015">rebranding its Atom processors</a> into three performance tiers -- Atom x3, Atom x5, and Atom x7. The Santa Clara chip maker didn't provide any details at the time, leading us to speculate that the first new Atom parts would be based on the company's upcoming 14nm Cherry Trail architecture. Turns out we were two-thirds correct, as <strong>Intel has now formally introduced its next generation Atom parts</strong>.</p> <p>As expected, Intel's Atom x5 and x7 are Cherry Trail parts, but the Atom x3 is a new processor series formerly codenamed SoFIA. It's Intel's first integrated communications System-on-Chip (SoC) and will take aim at the growing value and entry-level smartphone, tablet, and phablet markets.</p> <p>"Combining 64-bit multi-core Intel Atom processors together with 3G or 4G LTE connectivity, the integrated communications SoC combines the applications processor, image sensor processor, graphics, audio, connectivity and power management components in a single system chipset. This integration allows device manufacturers to deliver full-featured tablets, phablets and smartphones at affordable price points for the rapidly growing entry and value market segments," <a href="http://newsroom.intel.com/community/intel_newsroom/blog/2015/03/02/intel-launches-new-mobile-socs-lte-solution" target="_blank">Intel said</a>.</p> <p>Meanwhile, the Atom x5 and X7 are more traditional Atom parts and represents Intel's first 14nm Atom SoC (Cherry Trail, as previously mentioned). They'll power next-generation tablets and small-screen 2-in-1 devices while bringing 64-bit support for both Windows and Android. Several hardware partners have already committed to using the new Atom parts, including Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, and Toshiba. Each of them are expected to release devices in the first half of the year.</p> <p>Atom x3 based devices will start at around $75; Atom x5 and x7 devices will enter the market place at $250 to $349 for mid-range options, and $350 on up for performance products.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_details_newly_branded_atom_x3_x5_and_x7_cpus_mobile_world_congress_2015#comments Atom x3 Atom x5 Atom x7 cpu Hardware intel processor soc News Mon, 02 Mar 2015 17:43:24 +0000 Paul Lilly 29513 at http://www.maximumpc.com Intel Rebrands Atom CPUs, Hints at New Silicon http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_rebrands_atom_cpus_hints_new_silicon_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/intel_atom_rebranded.jpg" alt="Rebranded Atom" title="Rebranded Atom" width="228" height="172" style="float: right;" />Rebranded Atom chips follow Intel's Core naming convention</h3> <p>Intel is rebranding its Atom processor line so that customers will have an easier time determining the level of CPU performance at a glance. To do that, <strong>Intel is splitting Atom into three distinct levels -- Atom x3, Atom x5, and Atom x7</strong>. It's a similar approach to Intel's Core i3, Core i5, and Core i7 naming conventions, which follows the good, better, best construct, and it will start with the next generation of Atom CPUs.</p> <p>"Intel Atom x3 processor provides basic, but genuine Intel-level tablet, phablet and smartphone performance. Intel Atom x5 processor has more capabilities and features for people who want an even better experience, and the flagship Intel Atom x7 processor provides the highest level of performance and capabilities for the Intel Atom family," <a href="http://newsroom.intel.com/community/intel_newsroom/blog/2015/02/25/introducing-brand-levels-for-the-intel-atom-processor" target="_blank">Intel explains</a>.</p> <p>The new branding is part of a larger breakdown that also includes three tiers -- Atom x3/x5/x7 for when mobility is a priority, Core M for a blend of performance and portability, and Core i3/i5/i7 for when performance matters most.</p> <p>While Intel didn't provide any details about the next generation of Atom that will kick off the new naming convention, we suspect it will be the company's 14nm Cherry Trail CPUs that are supposed to debut this year. Cherry Trail is the successor to Bay Trail and promises to deliver better graphics performance and battery life optimizations.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_rebrands_atom_cpus_hints_new_silicon_2015#comments atom cpu Hardware intel processor x3 x5 x7 News Thu, 26 Feb 2015 18:50:00 +0000 Paul Lilly 29479 at http://www.maximumpc.com AMD's Inexpensive A8-7650K Kaveri APU May Launch This Week http://www.maximumpc.com/amds_inexpensive_a8-7650k_kaveri_apu_may_launch_week <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/amd_a-series_1.jpg" alt="AMD A-Series" title="AMD A-Series" width="228" height="192" style="float: right;" />A chip for budget overclockers</h3> <p>Rumor has it that <strong>AMD is getting ready to release its A8-7650K APU on February 20</strong> in Japan, and presumably other parts of the world soon after. The chips is based on AMD's Kaveri architecture and features an unlocked multiplier. Combined with a price tag that's estimated to be around $117 in Japan, the A8-7650K will be a relatively affordable option for overclockers working with a budget.</p> <p>The chip's rumored February 20 release appears to originate from <a href="https://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&amp;tl=en&amp;js=y&amp;prev=_t&amp;hl=en&amp;ie=UTF-8&amp;u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.gdm.or.jp%2Fvoices%2F2015%2F0212%2F103468&amp;edit-text=&amp;act=url" target="_blank"><em>Hermitage Akihabara</em></a>, though <a href="http://www.fudzilla.com/news/processors/37061-amd-confirms-new-kaveri" target="_blank"><em>Fudzilla</em> claims</a> AMD has "confirmed" the date, adding that prices are typically a bit higher in Japan. We haven't been able to confirm the launch, but if it does happen on Friday, we suspect it will be in the neighborhood of $105, the number that was floating around last month.</p> <p>AMD's A8-7650K sports four Steamroller cores on two dual-core modules running at 3.3GHz to 3.9Ghz. It also has 4MB lf L2 cache, Radeon R7 graphics with 384 stream processors, a dual-channel DDR3 memory controller, and a 95W TDP. The chip will work in FM2+ motherboards.</p> <p>One thing that's interesting about the release is that, on paper, it's slower than the A8-7700K that AMD stopped selling last year.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/amds_inexpensive_a8-7650k_kaveri_apu_may_launch_week#comments A8-7650K amd apu Build a PC cpu Hardware kaveri processor News Wed, 18 Feb 2015 18:03:00 +0000 Paul Lilly 29440 at http://www.maximumpc.com Intel Rumored to Delay Skylake Until Late August http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_rumored_delay_skylake_until_late_august_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/delays.jpg" alt="Delay" title="Delay" width="228" height="190" style="float: right;" />Waiting on Skylake</h3> <p><strong>Rumor has it that Intel is delaying the release of its 14nm Skylake desktop CPUs</strong> until around the end of August instead of late in the second quarter as originally scheduled. Keeping in mind that none of this is official -- Intel hasn't made any Skylake announcements that have to do with release dates -- a leaked slide earlier this month showed both Skylake-U (mobile) and Skylake-S (desktop) parts at the tail end of Q2.</p> <p>Both represent Intel's 6th Generation Core processor line and are considered "tocks" in Intel's alternating "tick-tock" release cycle (a tick is typically a die shrink of an existing architecture, while a tock is a brand new architecture). The desktop variant will require a new socket (1151) and will coincide with Intel's 100 Series chipset, which among other things will introduce a <a href="http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_skylake_chipsets_may_receive_significant_pcie_upgrade_2015">significant PCIe upgrade</a> with more lanes.</p> <p><a href="http://www.digitimes.com/news/a20150216PD207.html" target="_blank">According to <em>Digitimes</em></a> and whatever sources it has within the motherboard industry, Intel has supposedly put to the word out to mobo makers about the delay. If true, it's expected to have a sort of domino effect by screwing with the production and shipment plans for a Haswell refresh and Broadwell-U for the second quarter of 2015. It could also delay the development of Broadwell chips with a 65W TDP.</p> <p>This will also impact PC sales in general. Vendors were hoping to show off Skylake systems at Computex 2015 in June, and this obviously puts a wrinkle into those plans.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/intel_rumored_delay_skylake_until_late_august_2015#comments Build a PC cpu delay Hardware intel processor skylake News Mon, 16 Feb 2015 17:35:13 +0000 Paul Lilly 29430 at http://www.maximumpc.com CES 2015: A Look at Lepa's New Water Cooler and Futuristic Looking Chassis [Video] http://www.maximumpc.com/ces_2015_look_lepas_new_water_cooler_and_futuristic_looking_chassis_video <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/lepa_case.jpg" alt="Lepa Case" title="Lepa Cae" width="228" height="143" style="float: right;" /></h3> <h3>Getting to know Lepa</h3> <p>There's a close relationship between Enermax and Lepa, the latter of which you may not be as familiar with. Lepa is a brand that belongs to Ecomaster, which itself is a U.S. distributor for Enermax. You can also view Lepa as Enermax's house brand, or as siblings under parent company Ecomaster. Make sense? Let's move on to what we saw from <strong>Lepa at the Consumer Electronics Show -- a new water cooler and a promising case design</strong>.</p> <p>The first thing Lepa introduced us to was its new AquaChanger series, the company's first all-in-one liquid cooling solution. There are two versions, one with single fan radiator (120) and another with a dual fan design (240). Both of them use Lepa's own patents, as opposed to being a rebrand of an Asetek or CoolIT product.</p> <p>Lepa also showed us its forthcoming LPC801 chassis, which comes standard with a 120mm fan up top, 200mm fan up front, and a 140mm fan in the back. Other features include tool-less installation, support for various sized radiators, two USB 3.0 ports on top, three USB 2.0 ports, and a SuperCharge port.</p> <p>Take a look:</p> <p><iframe src="//www.youtube.com/embed/rkauVb6xMlc" width="620" height="349" frameborder="0"></iframe></p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/ces_2015_look_lepas_new_water_cooler_and_futuristic_looking_chassis_video#comments case ces2015 chassis cpu enclosure Hardware LEPA liquid cooling News Fri, 09 Jan 2015 19:21:52 +0000 Jimmy Thang and Paul Lilly 29230 at http://www.maximumpc.com CES 2015: Talking Broadwell with Intel [Video] http://www.maximumpc.com/ces_2015_talking_broadwell_intel_video <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/intel_ces.jpg" alt="Intel Broadwell at CES" title="Intel Broadwell at CES" width="228" height="149" style="float: right;" />The skinny on Intel's newest CPUs</h3> <p>We got our first look at Intel's Broadwell architecture when the Santa Clara outfit launched its Core M parts last year. However, those were mostly aimed at fanless 2-in-1 hybrid devices and other similar form factors. At the Consumer Electronics Show this year, <strong>Intel announced its 5th Generation Core CPUs based on its <a href="http://www.maximumpc.com/intels_5th_generation_core_processors_finally_arrive_2015">14nm Broadwell</a> micro-architecture</strong>, so we sent Online Managing Editor and expert chip taster Jimmy Thang to see if he could squeeze any more information out of the company.</p> <p>Intel didn't seem too interested in talking about its desktop plans for Broadwell, saying that it will hold a separate event for that. Instead, Intel talked up its current Broadwell CPUs, including the just-launched U parts (Core i3, i5, i7), which have more transistors than Haswell and offer a bit better performance.</p> <p>According to Intel, one of the advantages of 14nm is greater flexibility for OEMs to decide between "reasonable" battery life in systems that have a smaller batter and weigh less as a result, or much longer run time in the neighborhood of 15 hours by using a larger battery.</p> <p>Check out more of what Intel had to say below:</p> <p><iframe src="//www.youtube.com/embed/YXo71A-Ubps?list=UUdLWXfNqKICJBpE8jVMm6_w" width="620" height="349" frameborder="0"></iframe></p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/ces_2015_talking_broadwell_intel_video#comments 14nm broadwell Build a PC ces2015 cpu Hardware intel processor News Thu, 08 Jan 2015 16:38:50 +0000 Jimmy Thang and Paul Lilly 29220 at http://www.maximumpc.com Intel's 5th Generation Core Processors Finally Arrive http://www.maximumpc.com/intels_5th_generation_core_processors_finally_arrive_2015 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/intel_broadwell.jpg" alt="Intel Broadwell" title="Intel Broadwell" width="228" height="190" style="float: right;" />Hello Broadwell, nice to finally meet you</h3> <p><strong>Intel waited until CES to formally introduce its 5th Generation Intel Core processor family</strong>, essentially a die shrink of Haswell built on a 14nm manufacturing process. These are the Broadwell parts you've been waiting for -- yes, we've already seen the Broadwell architecture manifest in Intel's Core M processors released last year, but those CPUs were mostly intended for fanless 2-in-1 hybrid tablet devices.</p> <p>These latest Broadwell parts will mostly come in Core i3, i5, and i7 varieties (along with Pentium and Celeron CPUs), first in dual-core form for laptops and later with quad-core models coming out. And if you're following Intel's "tick-tock" schedule, these would be a "tick," meaning Intel took last generation's architecture (Haswell) and shrunk it, as opposed to rolling out a brand new architecture.</p> <p>That said, these chips boasts 35 percent more transistors (1.3 billion) than Haswell. That doesn't mean they'll blow Haswell out of the water, though you can expect improved performance, especially in graphics -- Intel is claiming a 22 percent bump in graphics rendering performance, with a 50 percent jump in video encoding.</p> <p>Among the new chips, 10 are 15W processors with Intel HD Graphics and four are 28W products with Intel Iris Graphics.</p> <p>In addition, Intel said it also started shipping its next generation 14nm processor for tablets codenamed "Cherry Trail" to device manufacturers. It's an SoC (System-on-Chip) design offering 64-bit computing, improved graphics, and better battery life.</p> <p>You can find out more details on Intel's <a href="http://download.intel.com/newsroom/kits/ces/2015/pdfs/5th_Gen_Intel_Core_Factsheet.pdf" target="_blank">Fact Sheet (PDF)</a>.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/intels_5th_generation_core_processors_finally_arrive_2015#comments 14nm 5th generation broadwell Build a PC cherry trail core cpu Hardware intel processor News Mon, 05 Jan 2015 17:54:08 +0000 Paul Lilly 29189 at http://www.maximumpc.com AMD Revises CPU Strategy to Chip Away at Intel's Lead in Laptops http://www.maximumpc.com/amd_revises_cpu_strategy_chip_away_intels_lead_laptops_2014 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/carrizo.jpg" alt="AMD Carrizo" title="AMD Carrizo" width="228" height="207" style="float: right;" />AMD has high hopes for its Carrizo processors</h3> <p>Heading into the new year, <strong>AMD's resolution is to increase its laptop market share</strong>, and the key to doing that lies in its Carrizzo and Carrizo-L laptop chips. Going forward, the chip maker will take a plug-and-play approach that will make it easy for hardware partners to plug any Carrizo chip into any laptop, regardless of the size of the notebook or what pricing tier it falls into.</p> <p>To put in the plan in motion, AMD will supply a single motherboard that supports a whole bunch of different Carrizo and Carrizo-L notebook processors, <a href="http://www.pcworld.com/article/2864032/amd-retools-laptop-chip-strategy-to-challenge-intels-dominance.html" target="_blank"><em>PCWorld </em>reports</a>. This will give OEMs added flexibility since they won't have to juggle different boards, chipsets, and CPU families, ultimately giving them access to a wide range of Carrizo parts.</p> <p>According to Jason Banta, director of product management for client solutions at AMD, the benefit for buyers is that they'll be able to score a laptop with their processor of choice rather than settle on one they may not want due to compatibility concerns.</p> <p>Carrizo, if you're unfamiliar, is based on AMD's new Excavator core. The "L" variant is intended for entry-level and mainstream laptops, while the regular Carrizo parts will find their way into mid-range and performance models. Details are fairly sparse at the moment, though perhaps not for long -- Carrizo could make a cameo at the Consumer Electronics Show (CES) next month. In the meantime, we know that Carrizo will support next generation AMD Radeon Graphics Core Next, along with Mantle and DirectX 12.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/amd_revises_cpu_strategy_chip_away_intels_lead_laptops_2014#comments amd carrizo cpu Hardware intel laptop notebook processor News Tue, 30 Dec 2014 16:24:10 +0000 Paul Lilly 29164 at http://www.maximumpc.com AMD Brings Out the Shears, Cuts Prices on A-Series APUs http://www.maximumpc.com/amd_brings_out_shears_cuts_prices_-series_apus_2014 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/amd_building_3.jpg" alt="AMD Building" title="AMD Building" width="228" height="148" style="float: right;" />New build, anyone?</h3> <p><strong>AMD has been putting the word out that it recently slashed prices for select A-Series desktop Accelerated Processor Units (APUs)</strong>. Some of them are fairly significant reductions in price, and they're not just for Kaveri-based APUs, either -- they also include savings for a few Richland and Trinity chips. While Intel's Haswell architecture might have the upper hand in performance, the price cuts combined with superior integrated graphics help AMD stay in the game. Let's have a look.</p> <p>Starting with Kaveri, here's a peek at the price cuts:</p> <ul> <li>A10-7850 (3.7GHz/4GHz, quad-core, 4MB L2 cache, 8 graphics CUs): $143, down from $180</li> <li>A10-7800 (3.5GHz/3.9GHz, quad-core, 4MB L2 cache, 8 graphics CUs): $133, down from $166</li> <li>A10-7700K (3.4GHz/3.8GHz, quad-core, 4MB L2 cache, 6 graphics CUs): $123, down from $160</li> <li>A8-7600 (3.3GHz/3.8GHz, quad-core, 4MB L2 cache, 6 graphics CUs): $92, down from $110</li> <li>A6-7400K (3.5GHz/3.9Ghz, dual-core, 1MB L2 cache, 4 graphics CUs): $58, down from $85</li> </ul> <p>As for Richland and Trinity, AMD slashed prices on another five APUs. They include the A10-6800K ($112, down from $140), A8-6600K ($92, down from $100), A4-6300 ($34, down from $48), A4-5300 ($31, not currently listed as retail boxed chips),and A4-4400 ($27, not currently listed as retail boxed chips), according to <a href="http://techreport.com/news/27246/amd-cuts-a-series-desktop-processor-prices" target="_blank"><em>The Tech Report</em></a>.</p> <p>These aren't temporary price cuts, but permanent ones that should be appear in retail e-tail stores soon, if not already.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/amd_brings_out_shears_cuts_prices_-series_apus_2014#comments a-series amd apu Build a PC cpu Hardware price cut processor News Fri, 24 Oct 2014 19:07:10 +0000 Paul Lilly 28779 at http://www.maximumpc.com ARM Aims to Supercharge Smart Devices with Cortex-M7 Processor http://www.maximumpc.com/arm_aims_supercharge_smart_devices_cortex-m7_processor_2014 <!--paging_filter--><h3><img src="/files/u69/arm_cortex_m7.jpg" alt="ARM Cortex-M7" title="ARM Cortex-M7" width="228" height="191" style="float: right;" />New chip paves the way for more power IoT gadgets</h3> <p><strong>ARM on Wednesday unveiled its Cortex-M7 processor</strong>, a 32-bit part that offers double the compute and digital signal processing (DSP) capability of today's most powerful ARM-based MCUs. The company intends for its Cortex-M7 chip to find a home inside high-end embedded applications in next generation vehicles, connected devices (think: Internet of Things, or IoT), smart appliances, and more.</p> <p>The M7 is the most recent and highest performance member of the energy efficient Cortex-M processor family. It will enable a new generation of faster and smarter devices in a range of categories -- smartwatches, automotive electronics, high-end audio, medical devices, robotics, and the list goes on.</p> <p>ARM's latest chip combines a six-stage, superscalar pipeline with flexible memory interfaces including AXI, AHB, caches, and tightly-coupled memories, and delivers high integer, floating point, and DSP performance in an MCU, <a href="http://www.arm.com/about/newsroom/arm-supercharges-mcu-market-with-high-performance-cortex-m7-processor.php" target="_blank">the company says</a>.</p> <p>The chip operates at up to 400MHz and offers the same performance as multiple M0 or M3 chips (5 CoreMark per MHz). By using an M7 processor instead, device makers can save space.</p> <p><em>Follow Paul on <a href="https://plus.google.com/+PaulLilly?rel=author" target="_blank">Google+</a>, <a href="https://twitter.com/#!/paul_b_lilly" target="_blank">Twitter</a>, and <a href="http://www.facebook.com/Paul.B.Lilly" target="_blank">Facebook</a></em></p> http://www.maximumpc.com/arm_aims_supercharge_smart_devices_cortex-m7_processor_2014#comments ARM cortex-m7 cpu Hardware internet of things iot processor News Wed, 24 Sep 2014 14:54:22 +0000 Paul Lilly 28597 at http://www.maximumpc.com Haswell-E Review http://www.maximumpc.com/haswell-e_review_2014 <!--paging_filter--><h3>UPDATE: We've updated our Haswell- E story to include our video on Haswell-E (X99) motheboards</h3> <p>After three long years of going hungry with quad-cores, red meat is finally back on the menu for enthusiasts. And not just any gamey slab full of gristle with shared cores, either. With its new eight-core Haswell-E CPU, Intel may have served up the most mouth-watering, beautifully seared piece of red meat in a long time.</p> <p><iframe src="//www.youtube.com/embed/aNTMIHr9Ha0" width="620" height="349" frameborder="0"></iframe></p> <p>And it’s a good thing, too, because enthusiast’s stomachs have been growling. Devil’s Canyon? That puny quad-core was just an appetizer. And that dual-core highly overclockable Pentium K CPU? It’s the mint you grab on your way out of the steak house.</p> <p><iframe src="//www.youtube.com/embed/_h9ggGZHFtU" width="620" height="349" frameborder="0"></iframe></p> <p>No, what enthusiasts have craved and wanted ever since Intel’s original clock-blocking job on the original Sandy Bridge-E was a true, overclockable enthusiast chip with eight cores. So if you’re ready for a belt loosening, belly full of enthusiast-level prime rib, pass the horse radish, get that damned salad off our table, and read on to see if Intel’s Haswell-E is everything we hoped it would be.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Meet the Haswell-E parts</strong></p> <p><span style="color: #ff0000;"><img src="/files/u154082/haswell-e_comparison_chart.png" alt="haswell e comparison chart" title="haswell e comparison chart" width="620" height="241" /></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/lga2011v3socket.jpg" alt="haswell e socket" title="haswell e socket" width="620" height="626" /></p> <p><strong>Despite its name, the LGA2011-v3 socket is not same as the older LGA2011 socket. Fortunately, the cooling offsets are exactly the same, so almost all older coolers and accessories should work just fine.&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/lga2011socket1.jpg" alt="lga2011" title="lga2011" width="620" height="556" /></p> <p><strong>Though they look the same, LGA2011’s socket has arms that are actually arranged differently than the new LGA2011-v3 that replaces it. And no, you can’t drop a newer Haswell-E into this socket and make it work.</strong></p> <h4>Haswell-E</h4> <p><strong>The first consumer Intel eight-core arrives at last</strong></p> <p>Being a card-carrying member of the PC enthusiast class is not an easy path to follow. Sure, you get the most cores and priciest parts, but it also means you get to wait a hell of a long time in between CPU upgrades. And with Intel’s cadence the last few years, it also means you get the leftovers. It’s been that way ever since Intel went with its two-socket strategy with the original LGA1366/LGA1156. Those who picked the big-boy socket and stuck to their guns on Pure PC performance always got the shaft.&nbsp;</p> <p>The original Ivy Bridge in LGA1156 socket, for example, hit the streets in April of 2012. As a reward for having the more efficient and faster CPU, Intel rewarded the small-socket crowd with its Haswell in June of 2013. It wasn’t until September of 2013 that big-boy socket users finally got Ivy Bridge-E for their LGA2011s. But with Haswell already out and tearing up the benchmarks, who the hell cared?</p> <p>Well, that time has come with Haswell-E, Intel’s first replacement for the aging LGA2011 platform since 2011. This time though, Intel isn’t just shuffling new parts into its old stack. For the first since the original Pentium 4 Extreme Edition, paying the price premium actually nets you more: namely, the company’s first consumer eight-core CPU.</p> <p><strong>Meet the T-Rex of consumer CPUs: The Core i7-5960X</strong></p> <p>We were actually a little leery of Haswell when it first launched last year. It was, after all, a chip seemingly tuned for the increasingly mobile/laptoppy world we were told was our post PC-apocalyptic future. Despite this, we recognized the chip as the CPU to have for new system builders. Clock for clock, its 22nm process, tri-gate transistors put everything else to shame—even the six-core Core i7-3930K chip in many tasks. So it’s no surprise that when Intel took a quad-core Haswell, put it in the Xerox machine, and hit the copy x2 button , we’d be ecstatic. Eight cores are decidedly better than six cores or four cores when you need them.&nbsp;</p> <p>The cores don’t come without a cost though, and we don’t mean the usual painful price Intel asks for its highest-end CPUs. It’s no secret that more cores means more heat, which means lower clock speeds. That’s one of the rationales Intel used with the original six-core Core i7-3960X. Although sold as a six-core, the original Sandy Bridge-E was built using an eight-core die on which Intel had permanently switched off two cores. Intel said it wanted to balance the needs of the many versus the needs of the few—that is, by turning off two of the cores, the part could hit higher clock speeds. Indeed, the Core i7-3960X had a base clock of 3.3GHz and Turbo Boost of 3.9GHz, and most could overclock it to 5GHz. The same chip packaged as a Xeon with all eight cores working—the Xeon E5-2687W—was locked down at 3.1GHz and mostly buzzed along at 3.4GHz.</p> <p>With the new Core i7-5960X—the only eight-core of the bunch—the chip starts at a seemingly pedestrian 3GHz with a Turbo Boost of one core up to 3.5GHz. Those subsonic clock speeds won’t impress against the Core i7-4790K, which starts at 4GHz. You’ll find more on how well Haswell-E performs against Haswell in our performance section, but that’s the price to be paid, apparently, to get a chip with this many cores under the heat spreader. Regarding thermals, in fact, Intel has increased the TDP rating to 140 watts versus 130 watts of Ivy Bridge-E and Sandy Bridge-E.&nbsp;</p> <p>If the low clocks annoy you, the good news is the part is fully unlocked, so the use of overclocking has been approved. For our test units, we had very early hardware and tight deadlines, so we didn’t get very far with our overclocking efforts. Talking with vendors, however, most seem very pleased with the clock speeds they were seeing. One vendor told us overclocks of all cores at 4.5GHz was already obtainable and newer microcode updates were expected to improve that. With even the vaunted Devil’s Canyon Core i7-4790K topping out at 4.7GHz to 4.8GHz, a 4.5GHz is actually a healthy overclock for an eight-core CPU.</p> <p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>When you dive down into the actual cores though, much is the same, of course. It’s based on a 22nm process. It has “3D” tri-gate transistors and integrated voltage regulation. Oh, and it’s also the first CPU to feature an integrated DDR4 memory controller.</p> <p><strong>Click the next page to read about DDR4</strong></p> <hr /> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h4>DDR4 details</h4> <p>If you think Haswell-E has been a long wait, just think about DDR3, which made its debut as main memory in systems since 2007. Yes, 2007. The only component that has lasted seven years in most enthusiasts systems might be the PSU, but it’s even rare to find anyone kicking a 500-watt PSU from 2007 these days.&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>DDR4 has been in gestation seemingly as long, so why the delay? From what we can tell, resistance to yet another new memory standard during a time when people thought the desktop PC and the PC in general were dying has been the root delay. It didn’t help that no one wanted to stick their head out first, either. RAM makers didn’t want to begin producing it DDR4 in volume until AMD or Intel made chipsets for it, and AMD and Intel didn’t want to support it because of the costs it would add to PCs at a time when people were trying to lower costs. The stalemate finally ends with Haswell-E, which integrates a quad-channel memory controller into its die.</p> <p>Initial launch speeds of DDR4 clock in at DDR4/2133. For those already running DDR3 at 3GHz or higher, a 2,133 data rate is a snooze, but you should realize that anything over 2133 is overclocked RAM. With DDR4, the JEDEC speeds (the body that sets RAM standards) already has target data rates of 3200 on the map. RAM vendors we’ve talked to are already shopping DIMMS near that speed.</p> <p>The best part of DDR4 may be its density message, though. For years, consumer DDR3 has topped out at 8GB on a DIMM. With DDR4, we should see 16B DIMMs almost immediately, and stacking of chips is built into the standard, so it’s possible we’ll see 32GB DIMMs over its lifetime. On a quad-channel, eight-DIMM motherboard, you should expect to be able to build systems with 128GB of RAM using non-ECC DIMMs almost immediately. DDR4 also brings power savings and other improvements, but the main highlights enthusiasts should expect are higher densities and higher clocks. Oh, and higher prices. RAM prices haven’t been fun for anyone of late, but DDR4 will definitely be a premium part for some time. In fact, we couldn’t even get exact pricing from memory vendors as we were going to press, so we’re bracing for some really bad news.</p> <h4>PCIe lanes: now a feature to be blocked</h4> <p>Over the years, we’ve come to expect Intel to clock-block core counts, clock speeds, Hyper-Threading, and even cache for “market segmentation” purposes. What that means is Intel has to find ways to differentiate one CPU from another. Sometimes that’s by turning off Hyper-Threading (witness Core i5 and Core i7) and sometimes its locking down clock speeds. With Haswell-E though, Intel has gone to new heights with its clock-blocking by actually turning off PCIe lanes on some Haswell-E parts to make them less desirable. At the top end, you have the 3GHz Core i7-5960X with eight cores. In the midrange you have the six-core 3.5GHz Core i7-5930K. And at the “low-end” you have the six-core 3.3GHz Core i7-5820K. The 5930K and the 5820K are virtually the same in specs except for one key difference: The PCIe lanes get blocked. Yes, while the Core i7-5960X and Core i7-5930K get 40 lanes of PCIe 3.0, the Core i7-5820K gets an odd 28 lanes of PCIe 3.0. That means those who had hoped to build “budget” Haswell-E boxes with multiple GPUs may have to think hard and fast about using the lowest-end Haswell-E chip. The good news is that for most people, it won’t matter. Plenty of people run Haswell systems with SLI or CrossFire, and those CPUs are limited to 16 lanes. Boards with PLX switches even support four-way GPU setups.</p> <p>Still, it’s a brain bender to think that when you populate an X99 board with the lowest-end Haswell-E, the PCIe configuration will change. The good news is at least they’ll work, just more slowly. Intel says it worked with board vendors to make sure all the slots will function with the budget Haswell-E part.&nbsp;</p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/mpc_haswell_front-back_1.jpg" alt="haswell e chip" title="haswell e chip" width="620" height="413" /></p> <p><strong>There have been clock-blocking rumors swirling around about the Haswell being a 12-core Xeon with four cores turned off. That’s not true and Intel says this die-shot proves it.&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/ivbe.jpg" alt="ivy bridge e" title="ivy bridge e" width="620" height="550" /></p> <p><strong>Ivy Bridge-E’s main advantage over Sandy Bridge-E was a native six-core die and greatly reduced power consumption. And, unfortunately, like its Ivy Bridge counterpart, overclocking yields on Ivy Bridge-E were greatly reduced over its predecessor, too, with few chips hitting more than 4.7GHz at best.</strong></p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/snbe.jpg" alt="sandy bridge e" title="sandy bridge e" width="308" height="260" /></p> <p><strong>Sandy Bridge-E and Sandy Bridge will long be remembered for its friendliness to overclocking and having two of its working cores killed Red Wedding–style by Intel.</strong></p> <p><strong>Click the next page to read about X99.</strong></p> <hr /> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h4>X99&nbsp;</h4> <p><strong>High-end enthusiasts finally get the chipset they want, sort of</strong></p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/x99blockdiagram.jpg" alt="x99 block diagram" title="x99 block diagram" width="620" height="381" /></p> <p><strong>Intel overcompensated in SATA on X99 but oddly left SATA Express on the cutting-room floor.</strong></p> <p>You know what we won’t miss? The X79 chipset. No offense to X79 owners, while the Core i7-4960X can stick around for a few more months, X79 can take its under-spec’ed butt out of our establishment. Think we’re being too harsh? We don’t.</p> <p>X79 has no native USB 3.0 support. And its SATA 6Gb/s ports? Only two. It almost reads like a feature set from the last decade to us. Fortunately, in a move we wholly endorse, Intel has gone hog wild in over-compensating for the weaknesses of X79.&nbsp;</p> <p>X99 has eight USB 2.0 ports and six USB 3.0 ports baked into the peripheral controller hub in it. For SATA 6Gb/s, Intel adds 10 ports to X99. Yes, 10 ports of SATA 6Gb/s. That gazongo number of SATA ports, however, is balanced out by two glaring omission in X99: no official SATA Express or M.2 support that came with Z97. Intel didn’t say why it left off SATA Express or M.2 in the chipset, but it did say motherboard vendors were free to implement it using techniques they gleaned from doing it on Z97 motherboards. If we had to hazard a guess, we’d say Intel’s conservative nature led it to leave the feature off the chipset, as the company is a stickler for testing new interfaces before adding official support. At this point, SATA Express has been a no-show. After all, motherboards with SATA Express became available in May with Z97, yet we still have not seen any native SATA Express drives. We expect most motherboard vendors to simply add it through discrete controllers; even our early board sample had a SATA Express port.&nbsp;</p> <p>One potential weakness of X99 is Intel’s use of the DMI 2.0. That offers roughly 2.5GB/s of transfer speed between the CPU and the south bridge or PCH, but with the board hanging 10 SATA devices, USB 3.0, Gigabit Ethernet, and 8 PCIe Gen 2.0 lanes off that link, there is the potential for massive congestion—but only in a worst-case scenario. You’d really have to a boat load of hardware lit up and sending and receiving data at once to cause the DMI 2.0 to bottleneck. Besides, Intel says, you can just hang the device off the plentiful PCIe Gen 3.0 from the CPU.</p> <p>That does bring up our last point on X99: the PCIe lanes. As we mentioned earlier, there will be some confusion over the PCIe lane configuration on systems with Core i7-5820K parts. With only 28 lanes of PCIe lanes available from that one chip, there’s concern that whole slots on the motherboard will be turned off. That won’t happen, Intel says. Instead, if you go with the low-rent ride, you simply lose bandwidth. Take an X99 mobo and plug in the Core i7-5930K and you get two slots at x16 PCIe, and one x8 slot. Remove that CPU and install the Core i7-5820K, and the slots will now be configured as one x16, one x8 and one x4. It’s still more bandwidth than you can get from a normal LGA1150-based Core i7-4770K but it will be confusing nonetheless. We expect motherboard vendors to sort it out for their customers, though.</p> <p>Haswell-E does bring one more interesting PCIe configuration though: the ability to run five graphics cards in the PCIe slots at x8 speeds. Intel didn’t comment on the reasons for the option but there only a few apparent reasons. The first is mining configurations where miners are already running six GPUs. Mining, however, doesn’t seem to need the bandwidth a x8 slot would provide. The other possibility is a five-way graphics card configuration being planned by Nvidia or AMD. At this point it’s just conjecture, but one thing we know is that X99 is a welcome upgrade. Good riddance X79.&nbsp;</p> <h4>Top Procs Compared</h4> <p><span style="color: #ff0000;"><span style="white-space: pre;"><img src="/files/u154082/top_processors.png" alt="top processors compared" title="top processors compared" width="620" height="344" /></span></span></p> <h4>Core Competency&nbsp;</h4> <p><strong>How many cores do you really need?</strong></p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/haswelletaskamanger.png" alt="haswell task manager" title="haswell task manager" width="620" height="564" /></p> <p><strong>It is indeed a glorious thing to see a task manager with this many threads, but not everyone needs them.</strong></p> <p>Like the great technology philosopher Sir Mix-A-Lot said, we like big cores and we cannot lie. We want as many cores as legally available. But we recognize that not everyone rolls as hard as we do with a posse of threads. With Intel’s first eight-core CPU, consumers can now pick from two cores all the way to eight on the Intel side of the aisle—and then there’s Hyper-Threading to confuse you even more. So, how many cores do you need? We’ll give you the quick-and-dirty lowdown.</p> <p><strong>Two cores</strong></p> <p>Normally, we’d completely skip dual-cores without Hyper-Threading because the parts tend to be the very bottom end of the pool Celerons. Our asterisk is the new Intel Pentium G3258 Anniversary Edition, or “Pentium K,” which is a real hoot of a chip. It easily overclocks and is dead cheap. It’s not the fastest in content creation by a long shot, but if we were building an ultra-budget gaming rig and needed to steal from the CPU budget for a faster GPU, we’d recommend this one. Otherwise, we see dual-cores as purely ultra-budget parts today.</p> <p><strong>Two cores with Hyper-Threading</strong></p> <p>For your parents who need a reliable, solid PC without overclocking (you really don’t want to explain how to back down the core voltage in the BIOS to grandma, do you?), the dual-core Core i3 parts fulfill the needs of most people who only do content creation on occasion. Hyper-Threading adds value in multi-threaded and multi-tasking tasks. You can almost think of these chips with Hyper-Threading as three-core CPUs.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Four cores</strong></p> <p>For anyone who does content creation such as video editing, encoding, or even photo editing with newer applications, a quad-core is usually our recommended part. Newer game consoles are also expected to push min specs for newer games to quad-cores or more as well, so for most people who carry an Enthusiast badge, a quad-core part is the place to start.</p> <p><strong>Four cores with Hyper-Threading</strong></p> <p>Hyper-Threading got a bad name early on from the Pentium 4 and existing software that actually saw it reduce performance when turned on. Those days are long behind us though, and Hyper-Threading offers a nice performance boost with its virtual cores. How much? &nbsp;A 3.5GHz Core i7 quad-core with Hyper-Threading generally offers the same performance on multi-threaded tasks as a Core i5 running at 4.5GHz. The Hyper-Threading helps with content creation and we’d say, if content creation is 30 percent or less of your time, this is the place to be and really the best fit for 90 percent of enthusiasts.</p> <p><strong>Six cores with Hyper-Threading</strong></p> <p>Once you pass the quad-core mark, you are moving pixels professionally in video editing, 3D modeling, or other tasks that necessitate the costs of a six-core chip or more. We still think that for 90 percent of folks, a four-core CPU is plenty, but if losing time rendering a video costs you money (or you’re just ADD), pay for a six-core or more CPU. How do you decide if you need six or eight cores? Read on.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Eight cores with Hyper-Threading</strong></p> <p>We recognize that not everyone needs an eight-core processor. In fact, one way to save cash is to buy the midrange six-core chip instead, but if time is money, an eight-core chip will pay for itself. For example, the eight-core Haswell-E is about 45 percent faster than the four-core Core i7-4790K chip. If your render job is three hours, that’s more time working on other paying projects. The gap gets smaller between the six-core and the eight-core of course, so it’s very much about how much your time is worth or how short your attention span is. But just to give you an idea, the 3.3GHz Core i7-5960X is about 20 percent faster than the Core i7-4960X running at 4GHz.</p> <p><strong>Click the next page to see how Haswell-E stacks up against Intel's other top CPUs.</strong></p> <hr /> <p>&nbsp;</p> <h4 style="font-size: 10px;">Intel’s Top Guns Compared</h4> <p><img src="/files/u154082/cpus17918.jpg" alt="haswell" title="haswell" width="620" height="413" /></p> <p><strong><strong>The LGA2011-based Core i7-4960X (left) and the LGA2011-v3-based Core i7-5960X (middle) dwarf the Core i7-4790K chip (right). Note the change in the heat spreader between the older 4960X and 5960X, which now has larger “wings” that make it easier to remove the CPU by hand. The breather hole, which allows for curing of the thermal interface material (solder in this case), has also been moved. Finally, while the chips are the same size, they are keyed differently to prevent you from installing a newer Haswell-E into an older Ivy Bridge-E board.</strong></strong></p> <h4>Benchmarks</h4> <p><strong>Performance junkies, rejoice! Haswell-E hits it out of the ballpark</strong></p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/x99-gaming_5-rev10.jpg" alt="x99 gigabyte" title="x99 gigabyte" width="620" height="734" /></p> <p><strong>We used a Gigabyte X99 motherboard (without the final heatsinks for the voltage-regulation modules) for our testing.</strong></p> <p>For our testing, we set up three identical systems with the fastest available CPUs for each platform. Each system used an Nvidia GeForce GTX 780 with the same 340.52 drivers, Corsair 240GB Neutron GTX SSDs, and 64-bit Windows 8.1 Enterprise. Since we’ve had issues with clock speeds varying on cards that physically look the same, we also verified the clock speeds of each GPU manually and also recorded the multiplier, bclock, and speeds the parts run at under single-threaded and multi-threaded loads. So you know, the 3GHz Core i7-5960X’s would run at 3.5GHz on single-threaded tasks but usually sat at 3.33GHz on multi-threaded tasks. The 3.6GHz Core i7-4960X ran everything at 4GHz, including multi-threading tasks. The 4GHz Core i7-4790K part sat at 4.4GHz on both single- and multi-threaded loads.</p> <p>For Z97, we used a Gigabyte Z97M-D3H mobo with a Core i7-4790K “Devil’s Canyon” chip aboard. &nbsp;An Asus Sabertooth X79 did the duty for our Core i7-4960X “Ivy Bridge-E” chip. Finally, for our Core i7-5960X chip, we obtained an early Gigabyte X99-Gaming 5 motherboard. The board was pretty early but we feel comfortable with our performance numbers as Intel has claimed the Core i7-5960X was “45 percent” faster than a quad-core chip, and that’s what we saw in some of our tests.&nbsp;</p> <p>One thing to note: The RAM capacities were different but in the grand scheme of things and the tests we run, it has no impact. The Sabertooth X79 &nbsp;had 16GB of DDR3/2133 in quad-channel mode, the Z97M-D3H had 16GB of DDR3/2133 in dual-channel mode. Finally, the X99-Gaming 5 board had 32GB of Corsair DDR4/2133. All three CPUs will overclock, but we tested at stock speeds to get a good baseline feel.&nbsp;</p> <p>For our benchmarks, we selected from a pile of real-world games, synthetic tests, as well as real-world applications across a wide gamut of disciplines. Our gaming tests were also run at very low resolutions and low-quality settings to take the graphics card out of the equation. We also acknowledge that people want to know what they can expect from the different CPUs at realistic settings and resolutions, so we also ran all of the games at their highest settings at 1920x1080 resolution, which is still the norm in PC gaming.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>The results</strong></p> <p>We could get into a multi-sentence analysis of how it did and slowly break out with our verdict but in a society where people get impatient at the microwave, we’ll give you the goods up front: Holy Frakking Smokes, this chip is fast! The Core i7-5960X is simply everything high-end enthusiasts have been dreaming about.&nbsp;</p> <p>Just to give you an idea, we’ve been recording scores from $7,000 and $13,000 PCs in our custom Premiere Pro CS6 benchmark for a couple of years now. The fastest we’ve ever seen is the Digital Storm Aventum II that we reviewed in our January 2014 issue. The 3.3GHz Core i7-5960X was faster than the Aventum II’s Core i7-4960X running at 4.7GHz. Again, at stock speeds, the Haswell-E was faster than the fastest Ivy Bridge-E machine we’ve ever seen.</p> <p>It wasn’t just Premiere Pro CS6 we saw that spread in either. In most of our tests that stress multi-threading, we saw roughly a 45 percent to 50 percent improvement going from the Haswell to the Haswell-E part. The scaling gets tighter when you’re comparing the six-core Core i7-4960X but it’s still a nice, big number. We generally saw a 20 percent to 25 percent improvement in multi-threaded tasks.&nbsp;</p> <p>That’s not even factoring in the clock differences between the parts. The Core i7-4790K buzzes along at 4.4GHz—1.1GHz faster than the Core i7-5960X in multi-threaded tasks—yet it still got stomped by 45 to 50 percent. The Core i7-4960X had a nearly 700MHz clock advantage as well over the eight-core chip.</p> <p>The whole world isn’t multi-threaded, though. Once we get to workloads that don’t push all eight cores, the higher clock speeds of the other parts predictably take over. ProShow Producer 5.0, for example, has never pushed more than four threads and we saw the Core i7-5960X lose by 17 percent. The same happened in our custom Stitch.Efx 2.0 benchmark, too. In fact, in general, the Core i7-4790K will be faster thanks to its clock speed advantage. If you overclocked the Core i7-5960X to 4GHz or 4.4GHz on just four cores, the two should be on par in pure performance on light-duty workloads.</p> <p>In gaming, we saw some results from our tests that are a little bewildering to us. At low-resolution and low-quality settings, where the graphics card was not the bottleneck, the Core i7-4790K had the same 10 percent to 20 percent advantage. When we ran the same tests at ultra and 1080p resolution, the Core i7-5960X actually had a slight advantage in some of the runs against the Core i7-4790K chip. We think that may be from the bandwidth advantage the 5960X has. Remember, we ran all of the RAM at 2,133, so it’s not DDR4 vs. DDR3. It’s really quad-channel vs. dual-channel.</p> <p>We actually put a full breakdown of each of the benchmarks and detailed analysis on MaximumPC.com if you really want to nerd out on the performance.</p> <p><strong>What you should buy</strong></p> <p>Let’s say it again: The Core i7-5960X stands as the single fastest CPU we’ve seen to date. It’s simply a monster in performance in multi-threaded tasks and we think once you’ve overclocked it, it’ll be as fast as all the others in tasks that aren’t thread-heavy workloads.</p> <p>That, however, doesn’t mean everyone should start saving to buy a $1,000 CPU. No, for most people, the dynamic doesn’t change. For the 80 percent of you who fall into the average Joe or Jane nerd category, a four-core with Hyper-Threading still offers the best bang for the buck. It won’t be as fast as the eight-core, but unless you’re really working your rig for a living, made of money, or hate for your Handbrake encodes to take that extra 25 minutes, you can slum it with the Core i7-4790K chip. You don’t even have to heavily overclock it for the performance to be extremely peppy.</p> <p>For the remaining 20 percent who actually do a lot of encoding, rendering, professional photo editing, or heavy multi-tasking, the Core i7-5960X stands as the must-have CPU. It’s the chip you’ve been waiting for Intel to release. Just know that at purely stock speeds, you do give up performance to the Core i7-4790K part. But again, the good news is that with minor overclocking tweaks, it’ll be the equal or better of the quad-core chip.</p> <p>What’s really nice here is that for the first time, Intel is giving its “Extreme” SKU something truly extra for the $999 they spend. Previous Core i7 Extreme parts have always been good overclockers, but a lot of people bypassed them for the midrange chips such as the Core i7-4930K, which gave you the same core counts and overclocking to boot. The only true differentiation Extreme CPU buyers got was bragging rights. With Haswell-E, the Extreme buyers are the only ones with eight-core parts.</p> <p>Bang-for-the-buck buyers also get a treat from the six-core Core i7-5820K chip. At $389, it’s slightly more expensive than the chip it replaces—the $323 Core i7-4820K—but the extra price nets you two more cores. Yes, you lose PCIe bandwidth but most people probably won’t notice the difference. We didn’t have a Core i7-5820K part to test, but we &nbsp;believe on our testing with the Core i7-5960X that minor overclocking on the cheap Haswell-E would easily make it the equal of Intel’s previous six-core chips that could never be had for less than $580.</p> <p>And that, of course, brings us to the last point of discussion: Should you upgrade from your Core i7-4960X part? The easy answer is no. In pure CPU-on-CPU &nbsp;showdowns, the Core i7-4960X is about 20 percent slower in multi-threaded tasks, and in light-duty threads it’s about the same, thanks to the clock-speed advantage the Core i7-4960X has. There are two reasons we might want to toss aside the older chip, though. The first is the pathetic SATA 6Gb/s ports, which, frankly, you actually need on a heavy-duty work machine. The second reason would be the folks for whom a 20 percent reduction in rendering time would actually be worth paying for.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Click the next page to check out our Haswell-E benchmarks.</strong></p> <hr /> <h4><span style="font-size: 1.17em;">Haswell-E Benchmarks</span></h4> <p><strong>Haswell-E benchmarks overview</strong></p> <p><span style="font-size: 1.17em;">&nbsp;</span><img src="/files/u154082/haswell_e_benchmarks.png" alt="haswell e benchmarks" title="haswell e benchmarks" width="541" height="968" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Benchmark Breakdown</strong></p> <p>We like to give you the goods on a nice table but not everyone is familiar with what we use to test and what exactly the numbers means so let’s break down some of the more significant results for you.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><img src="/files/u154082/cinebenchsinglethreaded.png" alt="cinebench 15 single" title="cinebench 15 single" width="620" height="472" /></p> <p><strong>Cinebench 15 single-threaded performance</strong></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">We used Maxon’s Cinebench 15 benchmark to see just how fast the trio of chips would run this 3D rendering test. Cinebench 15 allows you to restrict it from using all of the cores or just one core. For this test, we wanted to see how the Core i7-5960X “Haswell-E” would do against the others by measuring a single core. The winner here is the Core i7-4790K “Devil’s Canyon” chip. That’s no surprise—it uses the same microarchitecture as the big boy Haswell-E but it has a ton more clock speed on default. The Haswell-E is about 21 percent slower running at 3.5GHz. The Devil’s Canyon part is running about 900MHz faster at 4.4GHz. Remember, on default, the Haswell-E only hits 3.5GHz on single-core loads. The Haswell-E better microarchitecture also loses to the Core i7-4960X “Ivy Bridge-E,” but not by much and that’s with the Ivy Bridge-E’s clock speed advantage of 500MHz. Still, the clear winner in single-threaded performance is the higher-clocked Devil’s Canyon chip.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4790K</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/cinebenchmulti.png" alt="cinebench 15 multi" title="cinebench 15 multi" width="620" height="428" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Cinebench 15 multi-threaded performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">You don’t buy an eight-core CPU and then throw only single-thread workloads at it, so we took the handcuffs off of Cinebench 15 and let it render with all available threads. On the Haswell-E part, that’s 16 threads of fun, on Ivy Bridge-E it’s 12-threads, and on Devil’s Canyon we’re looking at eight-threads. The winner by a clear margin is the Haswell-E part. Its performance is an astounding 49 percent faster than the Devil’s Canyon and about 22 percent faster than Ivy Bridge-E. We’ll just have to continue to remind you, too: this is with a severe clock penalty. That 49-percent-faster score is with all eight cores running at 3.3GHz vs all four of the Devil’s Canyon cores buzzing along at 4.4GHz. That’s an 1,100MHz clock speed advantage. Ivy Bridge-E also has a nice 700MHz clock advantage than Haswell-E. Chalk this up as a big, huge win for Haswell-E.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/povray.png" alt="pov-ray" title="pov-ray" width="620" height="491" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>POV-Ray performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">We wanted a second opinion on rendering performance, so we ran POV-Ray, a freeware ray tracer that has roots that reach back to the Amiga. Again, Haswell-E wins big-time with a 47 percent performance advantage over Devil’s Canyon and a 25 percent advantage over Ivy Bridge-E. Yeah, and all that stuff we said about the clock speed advantage the quad-core and six-core had, that applies here, too. Blah, blah, blah.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/premierepro.png" alt="premiere pro" title="premiere pro" width="620" height="474" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Premiere Pro CS6 performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">One sanity check (benchmark results Intel produces to let you know what kind of performance to expect) said Haswell-E would outperform quad-core Intel parts by 45 percent in Premiere Pro Creative Cloud when working with 4K content. Our benchmark, however, doesn’t use 4K content yet, so we wondered if our results would be similar. For our test, we render out a 1080p-resolution file using source material shot by us on a Canon EOS 5D Mk II using multiple timelines and transitions. We restrict it to the CPU rather than using the GPU as well. Our result? The 3.3GHz Haswell-E was about 45 percent faster than the 4.4GHz Devil’s Canyon chip. Bada-bing! The two extra cores also spit out the render about 19 percent faster than the six-core Ivy Bridge-E. That’s fairly consistent performance we’re seeing between the different workload disciplines of 3D rendering and video encoding so far, and again, big, big wins for the Haswell-E part.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/handbrake.png" alt="handbrake" title="handbrake" width="620" height="407" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Handbrake Encoding performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">For our encoding test, we took a 1080p-resolution video file and used Handbrake 0.9.9 to transcode it into a file using the Android tablet profile. Handbrake is very multi-threaded and leverages the CPU for its encoding and transcoding. Our results were still fairly stellar, with Haswell-E CPU performing about 38 percent faster than the Devil’s Canyon part. Things were uncomfortably close with the Ivy Bridge-E part though, with the eight-core chip coming in only about 13 percent faster than the six-core chip. Since the Ivy Bridge-E cores are slower than Haswell cores clock-for-clock, we were a bit surprised at how close they were. In the past, we have seen memory bandwidth play a role in encoding, but not necessarily Handbrake. Interestingly, despite locking all three parts down at 2,133MHz, the Ivy Bridge-E does provide more bandwidth than the Haswell-E part. One other thing we should mention: Intel’s “sanity check” numbers to let the media know what to expect for Handbrake performance showed a tremendous advantage for the Haswell-E. Against a Devil’s Canyon chip, Haswell-E was 69 percent faster and 34 percent faster than the Ivy Bridge-E chip. Why the difference? The workload. Intel uses a 4K-resolution file and transcodes it down to 1080p. We haven’t tried it at 4K, but we may, as Intel has provided the 4K-resolution sample files to the media. If true, and we have no reason to doubt it, it’s a good message for those who actually work at Ultra HD resolutions that the eight-cores can pay off. Overall, we’re declaring Haswell-E the winner here.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/x264pass1.png" alt="x264 pass 1" title="x264 pass 1" width="620" height="496" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>X264 HD 5.01 Pass 1 performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">We’ve been using TechArp.com’s X264 HD 5.0.1 benchmark to measure performance on new PCs. The test does two passes using the freeware x264 encoding library. The first pass is seemingly a little more sensitive to clock speeds and memory bandwidth rather than just pure core count. A higher frame rate is better. The first pass isn’t as core-sensitive, and memory bandwidth clock speed have more dividends here. Haswell still gives you a nice 36 percent boost over the Devil’s Canyon but that Ivy Bridge-E chip, despite its older core microarchitecture, comes is only beaten by 12 percent—too close for comfort. Of course, we’d throw in the usual caveat about the very large clock differences between the chips, but we’ve already said that three times. Oh, and yes, we did actually plagiarize by lifting two sentences from a previous CPU review for our description. That’s OK, we gave ourselves permission.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X but not by much</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/x264pass2.png" alt="x264 pass 2" title="x264 pass 2" width="620" height="499" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>X264 HD 5.01 Pass 2 performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">Pass two of the X264 HD 5.01 benchmark is more sensitive to core and thread counts, and we see the Haswell-E come in with a nice 46 percent performance advantage against the Devil’s Canyon chip. The Ivy Bridge-E, though, still represents well. The Haswell-E chip is “only” 22 percent faster than it. Still, this is a solid win for the Haswell-E chip. We also like how we’re seeing very similar scaling in multiple encoding tests of roughly 45 percent. With Intel saying it’s seeing 69 percent in 4K resolution content in Handbrake, we’re wondering if the Haswell-E would offer similar scaling if we just moved all of our tests up to 4K.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><strong>Click the next page for even more Haswell-E benchmarks.</strong></p> <hr /> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/stitch.png" alt="stitch" title="stitch" width="620" height="473" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Stitch.EFx 2.0 Performance&nbsp;</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">Again, we like to mix up our workloads to stress different tasks that aren’t always multi-threaded to take advantage of a 12-core Xeon chip. For this test, we shot about 200 images with a Canon EOS 7D using a GigaPan motorized head. That’s roughly 1.9GB in images to make our gigapixel image using Stitch.EFx 2.0. The first third of the render is single-threaded as it stitches together the images. The final third is multi-threaded as it does the blending, perspective correction, and other intensive image processing. It’s a good blend of single-threaded performance and multi-threaded, but we expected the higher clocked parts to take the lead. No surprise, the Devil’s Canyon 4.4GHz advantage puts it in front, and the Haswell-E comes in about 14 percent slower with its 1.1GHz clock disadvantage. The clock speed advantage of the 4GHz Ivy Bridge-E also pays dividends, and we see the Haswell-E losing by about 10 percent. The good news? A dual-core Pentium K running at 4.7GHz coughed up a score of 1,029 seconds (not represented on the chart) and is roughly 22 percent slower than the CPU that costs about 11 times more.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4790K</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/7zip.png" alt="7-zip" title="7-zip" width="620" height="477" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>7-Zip Performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">The popular and free zip utility, 7-Zip, has a nifty built-in benchmark that tells you the theoretical file-compression performance a CPU. You can pick the workload size and the number of threads. For our test, we maxed it out at 16-threads using an 8MB workload. That gives the Haswell-E familiar advantage in performance—about 45 percent—over the Devil’s Canyon part. Against that Ivy Bridge-E part though, it’s another uncomfortably close one at 8 percent. Still, a win is a win even if we have to say that if you have a shiny Core i7-4960X CPU in your system, you’re still doing fine.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/sandra.png" alt="sisoft sandra" title="sisoft sandra" width="620" height="421" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Sisoft Sandra Memory Bandwidth (GB/s)</strong></span></p> <p>Since this is the first time we’re seeing DDR4 in a desktop part, we wanted to see how it stacked up in benchmarks. But, before you get too excited, remember that we set all three systems to 2133 data rates. The Devil’s Canyon part is dual-channel and the Ivy Bridge-E and Haswell-E are both quad-channel. With the memory set at 2133, we expected Haswell-E to be on par with the Ivy Bridge-E chip, but oddly, it was slower, putting out about 40GB/s of bandwidth. It’s still more than the 27GB/s the Devil’s Canyon could hit, but we expected it to be closer to double of what the Ivy Bridge-E was producing. For what it’s worth, we did double-check that we were operating in quad-channel mode and the clock speeds of our DIMMs. It’s possible this may change as the hardware we see becomes more final. We’ll also note that even at the same clock, DDR4 does suffer a latency penalty over DDR3. That would also be missing the point of DDR4, though. The new memory should give us larger modules and hit higher frequencies far easier, too, which will nullify that latency issue. Still, the winner is Ivy Bridge-E.</p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/3dmarkgpu.png" alt="3d mark" title="3d mark" width="620" height="457" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>3DMark Firestrike Overall Performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">Even though 3DMark Firestrike is primarily a graphics benchmark, not having a 3DMark Firestrike score is like not having coffee in the morning. Basically, it’s a tie between all three chips, and 3DMark Firestrike is working exactly as you expect it to: as a GPU benchmark.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Tie</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/3dmarkphysics.png" alt="3d mark physics" title="3d mark physics" width="620" height="477" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>3DMark Firestrike Physics Performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">3DMark does factor in the CPU performance for its physics tests. It’s certainly not weighted for multi-core counts as other tests are, but we see the Haswell-E with a decent 29 percent bump over the Devil’s Canyon chip. But, breathing down the neck of the Haswell-E is the Ivy Bridge-E chip. To us, that’s damned near a tie. Overall, the Haswell-E wins, but in gaming tasks—at stock clocks—paying for an 8-core monster is unnecessary except for those running multi-GPU setups.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/valveparticle.png" alt="valve particle" title="valve particle" width="620" height="451" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Valve Particle Benchmark Performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">Valve’s Particle test was originally developed to show off quad-core performance to the world. It uses the company’s own physics magic, so it should give some indication of how well a chip will run. We’ve long suspected the test is cache and RAM latency happy. That seems to be backed by the numbers because despite the 1.1GHz advantage the Devil’s Canyon chip has, the Haswell-E is in front to the tune of 15 percent. The Ivy Bridge-E chip though, with its large cache, lower latency DDR3, and assloads of memory bandwidth actually comes out on top by about 3 percent. We’ll again note the Ivy Bridge-E part has a 700MHz advantage, so this is a very nice showing for the Haswell-E part.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/dirtlow.png" alt="dirt showdown low" title="dirt showdown low" width="620" height="438" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Dirt Showdown low-resolution performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">For our gaming tests, we decided to run the games at 1366x768 resolution and at very low settings to take the graphics card out of the equation. In one way, you imagine this as what it would look like if you had infinitely powerful graphics cards in your system. As most games are not multi-threaded and are perfectly fine with a quad-core with Hyper-Threading, we fully expected the parts with the highest clock speeds to win all of our low-resolution, low-quality tests. No surprise, the Devil’s Canyon part at 4.4GHz private schools the 3.3GHz Haswell-E chip. And, no surprise, the 4GHz Ivy Bridge-E also eats the Haswell-E’s lunch and drinks its milk, too.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4790K</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/dirtultra.png" alt="dirt showdown ultra performance" title="dirt showdown ultra performance" width="620" height="475" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Dirt Showdown 1080p, ultra performance</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">To make sure we put everything in the right context, we also ran the Dirt Showdown at 1920x1080 resolution at Ultra settings. This puts most of the load on the single GeForce GTX 780 we used for our tests. Interestingly, we saw the Haswell-E with a slight edge over the Devil’s Canyon and Ivy Bridge-E parts. We’re not sure, but we don’t think it’s a very significant difference, but it’s still technically a win for Haswell-E.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/hitmanlow.png" alt="hitman low" title="hitman low" width="620" height="502" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Hitman: Absolution, low quality, low performance&nbsp;</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">We did the same with Hitman: Absolution, running it at low resolution and its lowest settings. The Haswell-E came in about 12 percent slower the Devil’s Canyon part and 13 percent slower than the Ivy Bridge-E.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/hitmanultra.png" alt="hitman ultra" title="hitman ultra" width="620" height="479" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Hitman: Absolution, 1080p, ultra quality</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">Again, we tick the settings to an actual resolution and quality at which people actually play. Once we do that, the gap closes slightly, with the Haswell-E trailing the Devil’s Canyon by about 8 percent and the Ivy Bridge-E by 9 percent. Still, these are all very playable frame rates and few could tell the difference.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/tombraider.png" alt="tomb raider low" title="tomb raider low" width="620" height="465" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Tomb Raider, low quality, low resolution.</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">We did the same low quality, low resolution trick with Tomb Raider and while need to see 500 frames per second, it’s pretty much a wash here.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Tie</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/tomraiderulti.png" alt="tomb raider ultra" title="tomb raider ultra" width="620" height="472" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Tomb Raider, 1080p, Ultimate</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">At normal resolutions and settings we were a little surprised, as the Haswell-E actually had a 15 percent advantage over the Devil’s Canyon CPU. We’re not exactly sure why, as the only real advantage we can see is memory bandwidth and large caches on the Haswell-E part. We seriously doubt it’s due to the number of CPU cores. The Haswell-E also has a very, very slight lead against the Ivy Bridge-E part, too. That’s not bad considering the clock penalty it’s running at.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-5960X</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/metrolastlight.png" alt="metro last light low" title="metro last light low" width="620" height="503" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Metro Last Light, low resolution, low quality</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">In Metro Last light, at low settings it’s a wash between all of them.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Tie</span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><img src="/files/u154082/metroveryhigh.png" alt="metro last light high" title="metro last light high" width="620" height="502" /></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;"><strong>Metro Last Light, 1080p, Very High quality</strong></span></p> <p><span style="color: #000000;">Metro at high-quality settings mirrors that of Hitman: Absolution, and we think favors the parts with higher clock speeds. We should also note that none of the chips with the $500 graphics card could run Metro at 1080p at high-quality settings. That is, of course, you consider 30 to 40 fps to be “smooth.” We don’t. Interestingly, the Core i7-4690X was the overall winner.</span></p> <p><span style="color: #333399;">Winner: Core i7-4960X</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> If you skipped to the very last page to read the conclusion, you’re in the wrong place. You need to go back to page 4 to read our conclusions and what you should buy. And no, we didn’t do this to generate just one more click either though that would be very clever of us wouldn’t it?</p> http://www.maximumpc.com/haswell-e_review_2014#comments benchmarks cpu haswell e intel ivy bridge e maximum pc processor Review Specs News Reviews Features Tue, 09 Sep 2014 23:03:30 +0000 Gordon Mah Ung 28431 at http://www.maximumpc.com