Popular Linux distro Ubuntu recently turned 10 and Canonical could think of no better way to celebrate the milestone than with the release of a new version of the operating system. Okay, maybe not. To be honest, Utopic Unicorn (codename) isn’t in any way a celebratory release. On the contrary, it might well be one of the least ambitious Ubuntu releases in recent memory — at least on the desktop front.
The decision was taken following a rift between Canonical and GNOME over certain design issues. "We were part of the GNOME shell design discussion, we put forward our views and they were not embraced by designers," Shuttleworth said at the ongoing Ubuntu Developer Summit.
"We took a divergent view from the GNOME shell folks on key design issues, for example how application menus should appear on the system, how one should search to find applications, [and] how one's favorite applications should be presented."
However, users will be allowed to install GNOME through Ubuntu’s software installation program. Natty Narwhal is scheduled to be released in April, 2011.
Canonical remains on course to deliver the next major Ubuntu release, 10.10 aka “Maverick Meerkat,” on October 10, having reached the final development milestone: the Release Candidate. The London-based outfit has announced the Release Candidate for Ubuntu 10.10, which is “complete, stable, and suitable” apart from minor bugs that will be fixed before the final release.
The RC features version 2.32 of the GNOME desktop environment, a faster and cleaner boot process, and a vastly improved Software Center. The whole list of new features can be found here.
“Codenamed “Maverick Meerkat”, 10.10 continues Ubuntu’s proud tradition of integrating the latest and greatest open source technologies into a high-quality, easy-to-use Linux distribution,” Canonical said in the announcement.
The Gnome free-software project this week announced a new version of the Gnome desktop environment and developer platform, Gnome 2.3.
"I'm really pleased with all of the updates in GNOME 2.30," said Stormy Peters, GNOME Executive Director. "I'm excited that I can automatically sync my Tomboy notes between my desktop and laptop computer, easily configure Facebook chat in Empathy instant messenger, and do more with PDFs in Evince. GNOME 2.30 provides everything I need for work and play."
Gnome's developers say the latest release contains significant user-visible improvements and adds a bunch of platform improvements. Also included is a preview of the Gnome Shell, which will replace the existing Gnome panel in Gnome 3.0.
The new release is available now via Gnome Live Media.
The days of ugly Linux desktops are a thing of the past. Modern distros include many tools and options that enable them to look good and be more useful.
Unlike Windows, Linux has several different widget toolkits. The most well-known widget engines are GTK+, (distributed with GNOME) and QT. (pronounced “cute”) Widgets are the various elements which make up a program's GUI: scrollbars, arrows, checkboxes, etc. However, take note that QT or GTK widgets are not the same thing as desktop widgets.
Widgets and other things like window chrome (the toolbars, panels, etc. of a programs interface) and window decoration (the window's title bar, minimize/maximize/close buttons, and the window border) are the various elements that, when joined together, create a theme for QT or GTK. It is possible to modify the various themes in Linux to change how they look or even create your own. This article will address the various resources that are out there to help make your desktop look its best and help you get the most out of it.
We are certain that many of you want to try Linux to see what it is like, but have no idea where to start or how to get into it. This is our complete guide to introduce you to the Linux environment and teach you how to adjust to it if you are a new user. From picking the perfect distro for your needs to partitioning and installing the OS, this guide will show you the step-by-step process of getting Linux up and running on your machine. We break down the fundamental differences between the Linux and Windows graphical interfaces, and show you how to utilize Linux's terminal like a pro. Whether this is your first time running Linux or you've been an open-source accolyte for years, you'll find lots of useful tips and reference information in this comprehensive overview.
Traditionally, most new users have always been reluctant to experiment with the command line interface, (commonly referred to as the terminal) yet it has always been one of the most important parts of learning Linux. Once you understand the terminal, Linux will finally open up to you. The terminal is easily the most powerful part of a Linux system; it is your way of being able to work directly with the operating system without any barriers or hindrance.
This guide will cover basic terminal usage in addition to ways to enhance basic commands. For the sake of simplicity, we will only address the underlying concepts of shell scripting instead of covering it in detail. We saved this part of our guide for last because it is typically the most difficult to grasp. However, the terminal is fairly easy to understand when broken down into simple concepts.
openSUSE 11 officially premiered yesterday with more than 200 new features specific to openSUSE and a redesigned installer that makes openSUSE even easier to install (and if you've ever installed it before, it was pretty darn easy then).
If you're into bling (and who doesn't like a little bling), there is the 3-D desktop app Compiz Fusion and it is now default in openSUSE 11.0. It includes a number of Compiz plugins, as well as easier configuration with Simple CompizConfig Settings Manager (CCSM) and the more comprehensive CompizConfig Settings Manager that lets you do detailed configuration of your Compiz setup.